On the Uniqueness of Human Normative Attitudes

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2019
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Rakoczy, Hannes
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ROUGHLEY, Neil, ed., Kurt BAYERTZ, ed.. The Normative Animal? : On the Anthropological Significance of Social, Moral, and Linguistic Norms. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2019, pp. 121-136. ISBN 978-0-19-084646-6. Available under: doi: 10.1093/oso/9780190846466.003.0006
Zusammenfassung

Humans are normative beings through and through. This capacity for normativity lies at the core of uniquely human forms of understanding and regulating socio-cultural group life. Plausibly, therefore, the hominin lineage evolved specialized social-cognitive, motivational, and affective abilities that helped create, transmit, preserve, and amend shared social practices. In turn, these shared normative attitudes and practices shaped subsequent human phylogeny, constituted new forms of group life, and hence structured human ontogeny, too. An essential aspect of human ontogeny is therefore its reciprocal nature regarding normativity. This chapter reviews recent evidence from developmental psychology suggesting that, from early on, human children take a normative attitude toward others’ conduct in social interactions, and thus a collectivistic and impersonal perspective on norms. The chapter discusses to what extent humans’ closest living primate relatives lack normative attitudes and therefore live in a non-normative socio-causal world structured by individual preferences, power relationships, and regularities.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
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social-cognitive development, social norms, normativity, child development, developmental psychology, moral development, morality, comparative psychology, primates
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ISO 690SCHMIDT, Marco F. H., Hannes RAKOCZY, 2019. On the Uniqueness of Human Normative Attitudes. In: ROUGHLEY, Neil, ed., Kurt BAYERTZ, ed.. The Normative Animal? : On the Anthropological Significance of Social, Moral, and Linguistic Norms. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2019, pp. 121-136. ISBN 978-0-19-084646-6. Available under: doi: 10.1093/oso/9780190846466.003.0006
BibTex
@incollection{Schmidt2019Uniqu-56238,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.1093/oso/9780190846466.003.0006},
  title={On the Uniqueness of Human Normative Attitudes},
  isbn={978-0-19-084646-6},
  publisher={Oxford University Press},
  address={New York, NY},
  booktitle={The Normative Animal? : On the Anthropological Significance of Social, Moral, and Linguistic Norms},
  pages={121--136},
  editor={Roughley, Neil and Bayertz, Kurt},
  author={Schmidt, Marco F. H. and Rakoczy, Hannes}
}
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