Identifying volatile organic compounds used for olfactory navigation by homing pigeons

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2020
Autor:innen
Zannoni, Nora
Gagliardo, Anna
Raza, Atif
Kramer, Stefan
Seghetti, Chiara
Wang, Nijing
Edtbauer, Achim
Williams, Jonathan
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Scientific reports. Springer Nature. 2020, 10, 15879. eISSN 2045-2322. Available under: doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-72525-2
Zusammenfassung

Many bird species have the ability to navigate home after being brought to a remote, even unfamiliar location. Environmental odours have been demonstrated to be critical to homeward navigation in over 40 years of experiments, yet the chemical identity of the odours has remained unknown. In this study, we investigate potential chemical navigational cues by measuring volatile organic compounds (VOCs): at the birds' home-loft; in selected regional forest environments; and from an aircraft at 180 m. The measurements showed clear regional, horizontal and vertical spatial gradients that can form the basis of an olfactory map for marine emissions (dimethyl sulphide, DMS), biogenic compounds (terpenoids) and anthropogenic mixed air (aromatic compounds), and temporal changes consistent with a sea-breeze system. Air masses trajectories are used to examine GPS tracks from released birds, suggesting that local DMS concentrations alter their flight directions in predictable ways. This dataset reveals multiple regional-scale real-world chemical gradients that can form the basis of an olfactory map suitable for homing pigeons.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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ISO 690ZANNONI, Nora, Martin WIKELSKI, Anna GAGLIARDO, Atif RAZA, Stefan KRAMER, Chiara SEGHETTI, Nijing WANG, Achim EDTBAUER, Jonathan WILLIAMS, 2020. Identifying volatile organic compounds used for olfactory navigation by homing pigeons. In: Scientific reports. Springer Nature. 2020, 10, 15879. eISSN 2045-2322. Available under: doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-72525-2
BibTex
@article{Zannoni2020-09-28Ident-51180,
  year={2020},
  doi={10.1038/s41598-020-72525-2},
  title={Identifying volatile organic compounds used for olfactory navigation by homing pigeons},
  volume={10},
  journal={Scientific reports},
  author={Zannoni, Nora and Wikelski, Martin and Gagliardo, Anna and Raza, Atif and Kramer, Stefan and Seghetti, Chiara and Wang, Nijing and Edtbauer, Achim and Williams, Jonathan},
  note={Article Number: 15879}
}
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