Dominance of the coral Pocillopora acuta around Phuket Island in the Andaman Sea, Thailand

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2023
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Ecology and Evolution. Wiley. 2023, 13(11), e10724. eISSN 2045-7758. Available under: doi: 10.1002/ece3.10724
Zusammenfassung

Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758), a species complex, consists of several genetic lineages, some of which likely represent reproductively isolated species, including the species Pocillopora acuta Lamarck, 1816. Pocillopora acuta can exhibit similar morphological characteristics as P. damicornis, thus making it difficult to identify species-level taxonomic units. To determine whether the P. damicornis-like colonies on the reefs in the Andaman Sea (previously often identified as P. damicornis) consist of different species, we sampled individual colonies at five sites along a 50 km coastal stretch at Phuket Island and four island sites towards Krabi Province, Thailand. We sequenced 210 coral samples for the mitochondrial open reading frame and identified six distinct haplotypes, all belonging to P. acuta according to the literature. Recently, P. acuta was observed to efficiently recolonize heat-damaged reefs in Thailand as well as globally, making it a potentially important coral species in future reefs. Specifically in the light of global change, this study underscores the importance of high-resolution molecular species recognition, since taxonomic units are important factors for population genetic studies, and the latter are crucial for management and conservation efforts.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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biodiversity, haplotypes, Indian Ocean, Pocillopora, species delimitation, species diversity
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ISO 690FIESINGER, Anna, Christoph HELD, Andrea L. SCHMIDT, Lalita PUTCHIM, Frank MELZNER, Marlene WALL, 2023. Dominance of the coral Pocillopora acuta around Phuket Island in the Andaman Sea, Thailand. In: Ecology and Evolution. Wiley. 2023, 13(11), e10724. eISSN 2045-7758. Available under: doi: 10.1002/ece3.10724
BibTex
@article{Fiesinger2023Domin-68760,
  year={2023},
  doi={10.1002/ece3.10724},
  title={Dominance of the coral Pocillopora acuta around Phuket Island in the Andaman Sea, Thailand},
  number={11},
  volume={13},
  journal={Ecology and Evolution},
  author={Fiesinger, Anna and Held, Christoph and Schmidt, Andrea L. and Putchim, Lalita and Melzner, Frank and Wall, Marlene},
  note={Article Number: e10724}
}
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The sequences obtained for the coral colonies analyzed in this study can be obtained from GenBank with the accession numbers MZ465117–MZ465326.
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