Multiple isotope analyses of the pike tapeworm Triaenophorus nodulosus reveal peculiarities in consumer–diet discrimination patterns

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Previous studies of dietary isotope discrimination have led to the general expectation that a consumer will exhibit enriched stable isotope levels relative to its diet. Parasite–host systems are specific consumer–diet pairs in which the consumer (parasite) feeds exclusively on one dietary source: host tissue. However, the small numbers of studies previously carried out on isotopic discrimination in parasite–host (ΔXP-HT) systems have yielded controversial results, showing some parasites to be isotopically depleted relative to their food source, while others are enriched or in equilibrium with their hosts. Although the mechanism for these deviations from expectations remains to be understood, possible influences of specific feeding niche or selection for only a few nutritional components by the parasite are discussed. ΔXP-HT for multiple isotopes (δ13C, δ15N, δ34S) were measured in the pike tapeworm Triaenophorus nodulosus and two of its life-cycle fish hosts, perch Perca fluviatilis and pike Esox lucius, within which T. nodulosus occupies different feeding locations. Variability in the value of ΔXP-HT calculated for the parasite and its different hosts indicates an influence of feeding location on isotopic discrimination. In perch liver ΔXP-HT was relatively more negative for all three stable isotopes. In pike gut ΔXP-HT was more positive for δ13C, as expected in conventional consumer–diet systems. For parasites feeding on pike gut, however, the δ15N and δ34S isotope values were comparable with those of the host. We discuss potential causes of these deviations from expectations, including the effect of specific parasite feeding niches, and conclude that ΔXP-HT should be critically evaluated for trophic interactions between parasite and host before general patterns are assumed.

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ISO 690BEHRMANN-GODEL, Jasminca, Elizabeth YOHANNES, 2015. Multiple isotope analyses of the pike tapeworm Triaenophorus nodulosus reveal peculiarities in consumer–diet discrimination patterns. In: Journal of Helminthology. 2015, 89(02), pp. 238-243. ISSN 0022-149X. eISSN 1475-2697. Available under: doi: 10.1017/S0022149X13000849
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@article{BehrmannGodel2015Multi-26382,
  year={2015},
  doi={10.1017/S0022149X13000849},
  title={Multiple isotope analyses of the pike tapeworm Triaenophorus nodulosus reveal peculiarities in consumer–diet discrimination patterns},
  number={02},
  volume={89},
  issn={0022-149X},
  journal={Journal of Helminthology},
  pages={238--243},
  author={Behrmann-Godel, Jasminca and Yohannes, Elizabeth}
}
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