Employees’ perceptions of co-workers’ internal promotion penalties : the role of gender, parenthood and part-time

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2023
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Brüggemann, Ole Jakob
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Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG): 390681379
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Perceptions of gender and seniority wage inequality and individual behavioural reactions in the organizational context
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European Societies. Taylor & Francis. ISSN 1461-6696. eISSN 1469-8307. Available under: doi: 10.1080/14616696.2023.2270049
Zusammenfassung

Much research has focused on penalties by gender, parenthood and part-time work for hiring processes or wages, but their role for promotions is less clear. This study analyses perceived chances for internal promotion, using a factorial survey design. Employees in 540 larger German (>100 employees) firms were asked to rate the likelihood of internal promotion for vignettes describing fictitious co-workers who varied in terms of gender, parenthood, working hours as well as age, earnings, qualification, tenure and job performance. Results show that promotion chances are perceived as significantly lower for co-workers who are women (gender penalty), mothers (motherhood penalty) and part-time workers (part-time penalty). Fathers and childless men (co-workers) are not evaluated differently (no fatherhood premium or penalty), and neither does part-time employment seem to be perceived as a double penalty for male co-workers. All three perceived promotion penalties are more pronounced among female employees, mothers, and part-time employees. These findings show that employees perceive differential promotion chances for co-workers which indicate actual differences due to discrimination, selective applications or structural dead-ends. Either way, perceived promotion penalties are likely consequential in guiding employee’s application behavior and hence can contribute to the persistence of vertical gender segregation in the labor market.

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Fachgebiet (DDC)
300 Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie
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vertical gender segregation, job promotion, discrimination perception, factorial survey experiment
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ISO 690BRÜGGEMANN, Ole Jakob, 2023. Employees’ perceptions of co-workers’ internal promotion penalties : the role of gender, parenthood and part-time. In: European Societies. Taylor & Francis. ISSN 1461-6696. eISSN 1469-8307. Available under: doi: 10.1080/14616696.2023.2270049
BibTex
@article{Bruggemann2023-10-26Emplo-68013,
  year={2023},
  doi={10.1080/14616696.2023.2270049},
  title={Employees’ perceptions of co-workers’ internal promotion penalties : the role of gender, parenthood and part-time},
  issn={1461-6696},
  journal={European Societies},
  author={Brüggemann, Ole Jakob}
}
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