Short-lived Parliamentarisation in 19th-century Germany : Parliamentary Government in the Frankfurt Assembly of 1848/1849

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2020
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Parliamentary Affairs. Oxford University Press (OUP). 2020, 73(3), pp. 603-626. ISSN 0031-2290. eISSN 1460-2482. Available under: doi: 10.1093/pa/gsz013
Zusammenfassung

The article shows that Germany established a short-lived but fully operative parliamentary system of government in its first democratically elected national parliament in 1848—some 70 years earlier than usually assumed. Qualitative evidence shows that the cabinet was responsible to the assembly and that parliamentary majorities forced cabinets to resign. Roll-call analysis reveals behavioural patterns that are typical for parliamentary government such as high party unity, cohesive voting by the governing coalition and substantially higher success rates for cabinet parties. These findings challenge claims of a ‘German exceptionalism’ and demonstrate the danger of hindsight bias in reading historical processes of parliamentarisation backwards. Instead, they suggest that successful parliamentarisation critically depends on the balance of power between democratic and autocratic forces and the degree to which old elites can be integrated in the new democratic order.

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320 Politik
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Micro-level, Protest, Power-sharing, Peace process
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ISO 690SIEBERER, Ulrich, Michael HERRMANN, 2020. Short-lived Parliamentarisation in 19th-century Germany : Parliamentary Government in the Frankfurt Assembly of 1848/1849. In: Parliamentary Affairs. Oxford University Press (OUP). 2020, 73(3), pp. 603-626. ISSN 0031-2290. eISSN 1460-2482. Available under: doi: 10.1093/pa/gsz013
BibTex
@article{Sieberer2020-07-01Short-45814,
  year={2020},
  doi={10.1093/pa/gsz013},
  title={Short-lived Parliamentarisation in 19th-century Germany : Parliamentary Government in the Frankfurt Assembly of 1848/1849},
  number={3},
  volume={73},
  issn={0031-2290},
  journal={Parliamentary Affairs},
  pages={603--626},
  author={Sieberer, Ulrich and Herrmann, Michael}
}
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