“We Beat Them to Help Them Push” : Midwives’ Perceptions on Obstetric Violence in the Ashante and Western Regions of Ghana

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2023
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Women. MDPI. 2023, 3(1), pp. 22-40. eISSN 2673-4184. Available under: doi: 10.3390/women3010002
Zusammenfassung

Obstetric violence has been recognized as a major impediment to facility-based delivery, increasing the risk of preventable complications and maternal mortality. In Ghana, studies on women’s birth experiences reveal enormous and brutal acts of violence during delivery; however, inquiries into why midwives abuse women have not been extensively studied. This study explored the perspectives of midwives on the drivers of obstetric violence in the Western and Ashante Regions of Ghana. A qualitative study was conducted involving 30 in-depth interviews with midwives in eight health facilities. The data were analyzed thematically using NVivo 12. The results of the study reveal a normalization of violence in the delivery room and the intensity of violence is heightened during the second stage of labor. Midwives reported perpetrating or witnessing physical violence, abandonment of women, stigmatization of HIV women, verbal abuses such as shouting, and the detention of women in the health facilities. Midwives abuse women as a result of the pressures of the midwifery profession, poor maternal efforts of women, disrespect of midwives, women’s disobedience, and uncooperative attitudes. The culture of acceptability of obstetric violence is a major driver, contributing to its normalization. Midwives do not consider obstetric violence as abuse, but rather, as a delivery strategy which aids a successful delivery. It is therefore justified and viewed as a necessary part of the delivery process. There is a critical need for retraining midwives on alternative birthing strategies devoid of violence.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
300 Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie
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obstetric violence, midwives, mistreatment and abuse, childbirth, women, Ghana
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ISO 690YALLEY, Abena Asefuaba, 2023. “We Beat Them to Help Them Push” : Midwives’ Perceptions on Obstetric Violence in the Ashante and Western Regions of Ghana. In: Women. MDPI. 2023, 3(1), pp. 22-40. eISSN 2673-4184. Available under: doi: 10.3390/women3010002
BibTex
@article{Yalley2023Midwi-66482,
  year={2023},
  doi={10.3390/women3010002},
  title={“We Beat Them to Help Them Push” : Midwives’ Perceptions on Obstetric Violence in the Ashante and Western Regions of Ghana},
  number={1},
  volume={3},
  journal={Women},
  pages={22--40},
  author={Yalley, Abena Asefuaba}
}
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