Moving in the Anthropocene : Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements

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2018
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Tucker, Marlee A.
Böhning-Gaese, Katrin
Blake, Stephen
Mueller, Thomas
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Science. 2018, 359(6374), pp. 466-469. ISSN 0036-8075. eISSN 1095-9203. Available under: doi: 10.1126/science.aam9712
Zusammenfassung

Animal movement is fundamental for ecosystem functioning and species survival, yet the effects of the anthropogenic footprint on animal movements have not been estimated across species. Using a unique GPS-tracking database of 803 individuals across 57 species, we found that movements of mammals in areas with a comparatively high human footprint were on average one-half to one-third the extent of their movements in areas with a low human footprint. We attribute this reduction to behavioral changes of individual animals and to the exclusion of species with long-range movements from areas with higher human impact. Global loss of vagility alters a key ecological trait of animals that affects not only population persistence but also ecosystem processes such as predator-prey interactions, nutrient cycling, and disease transmission.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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ISO 690TUCKER, Marlee A., Katrin BÖHNING-GAESE, Stephen BLAKE, Sarah C. DAVIDSON, Wolfgang FIEDLER, Bart KRANSTAUBER, Scott LAPOINT, Kamran SAFI, Martin WIKELSKI, Thomas MUELLER, 2018. Moving in the Anthropocene : Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements. In: Science. 2018, 359(6374), pp. 466-469. ISSN 0036-8075. eISSN 1095-9203. Available under: doi: 10.1126/science.aam9712
BibTex
@article{Tucker2018-01-26Movin-41166,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.1126/science.aam9712},
  title={Moving in the Anthropocene : Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements},
  number={6374},
  volume={359},
  issn={0036-8075},
  journal={Science},
  pages={466--469},
  author={Tucker, Marlee A. and Böhning-Gaese, Katrin and Blake, Stephen and Davidson, Sarah C. and Fiedler, Wolfgang and Kranstauber, Bart and LaPoint, Scott and Safi, Kamran and Wikelski, Martin and Mueller, Thomas}
}
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