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Decoherence in solid state qubits

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CHIROLLI, Luca, Guido BURKARD, 2008. Decoherence in solid state qubits. In: Advances in Physics. 57(3), pp. 225-285. Available under: doi: 10.1080/00018730802218067

@article{Chirolli2008Decoh-8923, title={Decoherence in solid state qubits}, year={2008}, doi={10.1080/00018730802218067}, number={3}, volume={57}, journal={Advances in Physics}, pages={225--285}, author={Chirolli, Luca and Burkard, Guido} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dspace="" xmlns:foaf="" xmlns:void="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=""/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Interaction of solid state qubits with environmental degrees of freedom strongly affects the qubit dynamics, and leads to decoherence. In quantum information processing with solid state qubits, decoherence significantly limits the performances of such devices. Therefore, it is necessary to fully understand the mechanisms that lead to decoherence. In this review we discuss how decoherence affects two of the most successful realizations of solid state qubits, namely, spin-qubits and superconducting qubits. In the former, the qubit is encoded in the spin 1/2 of the electron, and it is implemented by confining the electron spin in a semiconductor quantum dot. Superconducting devices show quantum behavior at low temperatures, and the qubit is encoded in the two lowest energy levels of a superconducting circuit. The electron spin in a quantum dot has two main decoherence channels, a (Markovian) phonon-assisted relaxation channel, due to the presence of a spin-orbit interaction, and a non-Markovian) spin bath constituted by the spins of the nuclei in the quantum dot that interact with the electron spin via the hyperfine interaction. In a superconducting qubit, decoherence takes place as a result of fluctuations in the control parameters, such as bias currents, applied flux, and bias voltages, and via losses in the dissipative circuit elements.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource=""/> <dc:creator>Burkard, Guido</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Chirolli, Luca</dc:creator> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2011-03-24T17:51:42Z</dc:date> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2011-03-24T17:51:42Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>Publ. in: Advances in Physics 57 (2008), 3, pp. 225-285</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dcterms:title>Decoherence in solid state qubits</dcterms:title> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource=""/> <dc:contributor>Chirolli, Luca</dc:contributor> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:contributor>Burkard, Guido</dc:contributor> <dcterms:issued>2008</dcterms:issued> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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