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Molecular evolution of ependymin and the phylogenetic resolution of early divergences among euteleost fishes

Molecular evolution of ependymin and the phylogenetic resolution of early divergences among euteleost fishes

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ORTI, Guillermo, Axel MEYER, 1996. Molecular evolution of ependymin and the phylogenetic resolution of early divergences among euteleost fishes. In: Molecular Biology and Evolution. 13(4), pp. 556-573

@article{Orti1996Molec-8587, title={Molecular evolution of ependymin and the phylogenetic resolution of early divergences among euteleost fishes}, year={1996}, number={4}, volume={13}, journal={Molecular Biology and Evolution}, pages={556--573}, author={Orti, Guillermo and Meyer, Axel} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/8587"> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The rate and pattern of DNA evolution of ependymin, a single-copy gene coding for a highly expressed glycoprotein in the brain matrix of teleost fishes, is characterized and its phylogenetic utility for fish systematics is assessed. DNA sequences were determined from catfish, electric fish, and characiforms and compared with published ependymin sequences from cyprinids, salmon, pike, and herring. Among these groups, ependymin amino acid sequences were highly divergent (up to 60% sequence difference), but had surprisingly similar hydropathy profiles and invariant glycosylation sites, suggesting that functional properties of the proteins are conserved. Comparison of base composition at third codon positions and introns revealed AT-rich introns and GC-rich third codon positions, suggesting that the biased codon usage observed might not be due to mutational bias. Phylogenetic information content of third codon positions was surprisingly high and sufficient to recover the most basal nodes of the tree, in spite of the observation that pairwise distances (at third codon positions) were well above the presumed saturation level. This finding can be explained by the high proportion of phylogenetically informative nonsynonymous changes at third codon positions among these highly divergent proteins. Ependymin DNA sequences have established the first molecular evidence for the monophyly of a group containing salmonids and esociforms. In addition, ependymin suggests a sister group relationship of electric fish (Gymnotiformes) and Characiformes, constituting a significant departure from currently accepted classifications. However, relationships among characiform lineages were not completely resolved by ependymin sequences in spite of seemingly appropriate levels of variation among taxa and considerably low levels of homoplasy in the data (consistency index = 0.7). If the diversification of Characiformes took place in an explosive manner, over a relatively short period of time this pattern should also be observed using other phylogenetic markers. Poor conservation of ependymin s primary structure hinders the design of efficient primers for PCR that could be used in wide-ranging fish systematic studies. However, alternative methods like PCR amplification from cDNA used here should provide promising comparative sequence data for the resolution of phylogenetic relationships among other basal lineages of teleost fishes.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:rights>Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic</dc:rights> <dc:creator>Meyer, Axel</dc:creator> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/8587"/> <dc:contributor>Meyer, Axel</dc:contributor> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>First publ. in: Molecular Biology and Evolution 13 (1996), 4, pp. 556-573</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dc:contributor>Orti, Guillermo</dc:contributor> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/8587/1/Molecular_evolution_of_ependymin_.pdf"/> <dc:creator>Orti, Guillermo</dc:creator> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T17:44:54Z</dc:date> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dcterms:title>Molecular evolution of ependymin and the phylogenetic resolution of early divergences among euteleost fishes</dcterms:title> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:issued>1996</dcterms:issued> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T17:44:54Z</dcterms:available> <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/"/> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/8587/1/Molecular_evolution_of_ependymin_.pdf"/> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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