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Ultrastructural organization of bovine chromaffin cell cortex : analysis by cryofixation and morphometry of aspects pertinent to exocytosis

Ultrastructural organization of bovine chromaffin cell cortex : analysis by cryofixation and morphometry of aspects pertinent to exocytosis

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PLATTNER, Helmut, Antonio R. ARTALEJO, Erwin NEHER, 1997. Ultrastructural organization of bovine chromaffin cell cortex : analysis by cryofixation and morphometry of aspects pertinent to exocytosis. In: Journal of Cell Biology. 139(7), pp. 1709-1717. ISSN 0021-9525. Available under: doi: 10.1083/jcb.139.7.1709

@article{Plattner1997Ultra-8214, title={Ultrastructural organization of bovine chromaffin cell cortex : analysis by cryofixation and morphometry of aspects pertinent to exocytosis}, year={1997}, doi={10.1083/jcb.139.7.1709}, number={7}, volume={139}, issn={0021-9525}, journal={Journal of Cell Biology}, pages={1709--1717}, author={Plattner, Helmut and Artalejo, Antonio R. and Neher, Erwin} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/8214"> <dc:contributor>Plattner, Helmut</dc:contributor> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:creator>Plattner, Helmut</dc:creator> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>First publ. in: Journal of Cell Biology 139 (1997), 7, pp. 1709-1717</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T17:41:29Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/legalcode"/> <dc:creator>Artalejo, Antonio R.</dc:creator> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/8214/1/Ultrastructural_organization_of_bovine_chromaffin_cell_cortex.pdf"/> <dcterms:title>Ultrastructural organization of bovine chromaffin cell cortex : analysis by cryofixation and morphometry of aspects pertinent to exocytosis</dcterms:title> <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/8214/1/Ultrastructural_organization_of_bovine_chromaffin_cell_cortex.pdf"/> <dc:contributor>Artalejo, Antonio R.</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Neher, Erwin</dc:contributor> <dcterms:issued>1997</dcterms:issued> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/8214"/> <dc:creator>Neher, Erwin</dc:creator> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T17:41:29Z</dc:date> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="deu">We have analyzed ultrathin sections from isolated bovine chromaffin cells grown on plastic support, after fast freezing, by quantitative electron microscopy. We determined the size and intracellular distribution of dense core vesicles (DVs or chromaffin granules) and of clear vesicles (CVs). The average diameter of DVs is 356 nm, and that of CVs varies between 35-195 nm (average 90 nm). DVs appear randomly packed inside cells. When the distance of the center of DVs to the cell membrane (CM) is analyzed, DV density is found to decrease as the CM is approached. According to Monte Carlo simulations performed on the basis of the measured size distribution of DVs, this decay can be assigned to a "wall effect." Any cortical barrier, regardless of its function, seems to not impose a restriction to a random cortical DV packing pattern. The number of DVs closely approaching the CM (docked DVs) is estimated to be between 364 and 629 (average 496), i.e., 0.45 to 0.78 DVs/µm2 CM. Deprivation of Ca2+, priming by increasing [Ca2+]i, or depolarization by high [K+]e for 10 s (the effect of which was controlled electrophysiologically and predicted to change the number of readily releasable granules [RRGs]) does not significantly change the number of peripheral DVs. The reason may be that (a) structural docking implies only in part functional docking (capability of immediate release), and (b) exocytosis is rapidly followed by endocytosis and replenishment of the pool of docked DVs. Whereas the potential contribution of DVs to CM area increase by immediate release can be estimated at 19-33%, that of CVs is expected to be in the range of 5.6-8.0%.</dcterms:abstract> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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