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Facilitation of membrane fusion during exocytosis and exocytosis-eoupled endocytosis and acceleration of Ghost detachment in Paramecium by extracellular Calcium : a quenched-flow/freeze-fracture analysis

Facilitation of membrane fusion during exocytosis and exocytosis-eoupled endocytosis and acceleration of Ghost detachment in Paramecium by extracellular Calcium : a quenched-flow/freeze-fracture analysis

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PLATTNER, Helmut, Claudia BRAUN, Joachim HENTSCHEL, 1997. Facilitation of membrane fusion during exocytosis and exocytosis-eoupled endocytosis and acceleration of Ghost detachment in Paramecium by extracellular Calcium : a quenched-flow/freeze-fracture analysis. In: Journal of Membrane Biology. 158(3), pp. 198-208. ISSN 0022-2631. eISSN 1432-1424

@article{Plattner1997Facil-8165, title={Facilitation of membrane fusion during exocytosis and exocytosis-eoupled endocytosis and acceleration of Ghost detachment in Paramecium by extracellular Calcium : a quenched-flow/freeze-fracture analysis}, year={1997}, doi={10.1007/s002329900257}, number={3}, volume={158}, issn={0022-2631}, journal={Journal of Membrane Biology}, pages={198--208}, author={Plattner, Helmut and Braun, Claudia and Hentschel, Joachim} }

Braun, Claudia Braun, Claudia 2011-03-24T17:41:05Z Plattner, Helmut application/pdf 2011-03-24T17:41:05Z First publ. in: Journal of Membrane Biology 158 (1997), pp. 198-208 We had previously shown that an influx of extracellular Ca2+ (Ca2+e), though it occurs, is not strictly required for aminoethyldextran (AED)-triggered exocytotic membrane fusion in Paramecium. We now analyze, by quenched-flow/freeze-fracture, to what extent Ca2+e contributes to exocytotic and exocytosis-coupled endocytotic membrane fusion, as well as to detachment of ghosts a process difficult to analyze by any other method or in any other system. Maximal exocytotic membrane fusion (analyzed within 80 msec) occurs readily in the presence of [Ca2+]e >= 5 × 10 −6 M, while normally a [Ca2+e = 0.5 mM is in the medium. A new finding is that exocytosis and endocytosis is significantly stimulated by increasing [Ca2+]e even beyond levels usually available to cells. Quenching of [Ca2+]e by EGTA application to levels of resting [Ca2+]i or slightly below does reduce (by ~50%) but not block AED-triggered exocytosis (again tested with 80 msec AED application).<br />This effect can be overridden either by increasing stimulation time or by readdition of an excess of Ca2+e. Our data are compatible with the assumption that normally exocytotic membrane fusion will include a step of rapid Ca2+-mobilization from subplasmalemmal pools ( alveolar sacs ) and, as a superimposed step, a Ca2+-influx, since exocytotic membrane fusion can occur at [Ca2+]e even slightly below resting [Ca2+]i. The other important conclusion is that increasing [Ca2+]e facilitates exocytotic and endocytotic membrane fusion, i.e., membrane resealing. In addition, we show for the first time that increasing [Ca2+]e also drives detachment of ghosts a novel aspect not analyzed so far in any other system. According to our pilot calculations, a flush of Ca2+, orders of magnitude larger than stationary values assumed to drive membrane dynamics, from internal and external sources, drives the different steps of the exo-endocytosis cycle. Hentschel, Joachim 1997 Facilitation of membrane fusion during exocytosis and exocytosis-eoupled endocytosis and acceleration of Ghost detachment in Paramecium by extracellular Calcium : a quenched-flow/freeze-fracture analysis eng Hentschel, Joachim Plattner, Helmut deposit-license

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