DNA-Fragmente im Plasma von Tumorpatienten


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Prüfsumme: MD5:03b9748989d53348ccd39d1a9073d0a2

JAHR, Sabine, 2001. DNA-Fragmente im Plasma von Tumorpatienten [Dissertation]. Konstanz: University of Konstanz

@phdthesis{Jahr2001DNAFr-8004, title={DNA-Fragmente im Plasma von Tumorpatienten}, year={2001}, author={Jahr, Sabine}, address={Konstanz}, school={Universität Konstanz} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/8004"> <dc:contributor>Jahr, Sabine</dc:contributor> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T17:39:12Z</dcterms:available> <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dcterms:alternative>DNA fragments in plasma of cancer patients</dcterms:alternative> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T17:39:12Z</dc:date> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Increased levels of DNA fragments have frequently been found in the blood plasma of cancer patients. Published data suggest that only a fraction of the DNA in blood plasma is derived from cancer cells. However, it is not known how much of the circulating DNA is from cancer or from non-cancer cells. By quantitative methylation-specific PCR of the promoter region of the CDKN2A tumor suppressor gene, we were able to quantify the fraction of plasma DNA derived from tumor cells. In the plasma samples of 30 unselected cancer patients, we detected quantities of tumor DNA from only 3 to as much as 93 of total circulating DNA. We investigated possible origins of non-tumor DNA in the plasma and demonstrate here a contribution of T-cell DNA in a few cases only. To investigate the possibility that plasma DNA originates from apoptotic or necrotic cells, we performed studies with apoptotic (staurosporine) and necrotic (staurosporine plus oligomycin) cells in vitro and with mice after induction of apoptotic (anti-CD95) or necrotic (acetaminophen) liver injury. Increasing amounts of DNA were found to be released in supernatants and plasma samples, and a clear discrimination of apoptotic and necrotic plasma DNA was possible by gel electrophoresis. The same characteristic patterns of DNA fragments could be identified in plasma derived from different cancer patients. The data are consistent with the possibility that apoptotic and necrotic cells are a major source for plasma DNA. In another study, we analysed the amounts of plasma DNA and tumor-related plasma DNA in 20 breast cancer patients and could show a clear correlation between the amount of plasma DNA and the size of the primary tumor.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:language>deu</dc:language> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/8004/1/DissertationSabineJahr.pdf"/> <dcterms:issued>2001</dcterms:issued> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/page/termsofuse"/> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/8004/1/DissertationSabineJahr.pdf"/> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> <dcterms:title>DNA-Fragmente im Plasma von Tumorpatienten</dcterms:title> <dc:creator>Jahr, Sabine</dc:creator> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/8004"/> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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