Palytoxin-induced Effects on Partial Reactions of the Na,K-ATPase


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HARMEL, Nadine, Hans-Jürgen APELL, 2006. Palytoxin-induced Effects on Partial Reactions of the Na,K-ATPase. In: The Journal of General Physiology. 128(1), pp. 103-118. ISSN 0022-1295. eISSN 1540-7748

@article{Harmel2006Palyt-7936, title={Palytoxin-induced Effects on Partial Reactions of the Na,K-ATPase}, year={2006}, doi={10.1085/jgp.200609505}, number={1}, volume={128}, issn={0022-1295}, journal={The Journal of General Physiology}, pages={103--118}, author={Harmel, Nadine and Apell, Hans-Jürgen} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>First publ. in: The Journal of General Physiology 128 (2006), pp. 103-118</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2011-03-24T17:38:39Z</dcterms:available> <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format> <dcterms:title>Palytoxin-induced Effects on Partial Reactions of the Na,K-ATPase</dcterms:title> <dc:contributor>Apell, Hans-Jürgen</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Apell, Hans-Jürgen</dc:creator> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource=""/> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> <dc:creator>Harmel, Nadine</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Harmel, Nadine</dc:contributor> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dcterms:issued>2006</dcterms:issued> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2011-03-24T17:38:39Z</dc:date> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The interaction of palytoxin with the Na,K-ATPase was studied by the electrochromic styryl dye RH421, which monitors the amount of ions in the membrane domain of the pump. The toxin affected the pump function in the state P-E2, independently of the type of phosphorylation (ATP or inorganic phosphate). The palytoxin-induced modifi - cation of the protein consisted of two steps: toxin binding and a subsequent conformational change into a transmembrane ion channel. At 20°C, the rate-limiting reaction had a forward rate constant of 105 M−¹s−¹ and a backward rate constant of about 10−³ s−¹. In the palytoxin-modifi ed state, the binding affi nity for Na+ and H+ was increased and reached values between those obtained in the E1 and P-E2 conformation under physiological conditions. Even under saturating palytoxin concentrations, the ATPase activity was not completely inhibited. In the Na/K mode, ~ 50% of the enzyme remained active in the average, and in the Na-only mode 25%. The experimental fi ndings indicate that an additional exit from the inhibited state exists. An obvious reaction pathway is a slow dephosphorylation of the palytoxin-inhibited state with a time constant of ~ 100 s. Analysis of the effect of blockers of the extracellular and cytoplasmic access channels, TPA+ and Br2-Titu3+, respectively, showed that both access channels are part of the ion pathway in the palytoxin-modifi ed protein. All experiments can be explained by an extension of the Post-Albers cycle, in which three additional states were added that branch off in the P-E2 state and lead to states in which the open-channel conformation is introduced and returns into the pump cycle in the occluded E2 state. The previously suggested molecular model for the channel state of the Na,K-ATPase as a conformation in which both gates between binding sites and aqueous phases are simultaneously in their open state is supported by this study.</dcterms:abstract> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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