Molecular aspects of membrane trafficking in paramecium

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Plattner_Molecular_Aspects_2003.pdf
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2003
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Molekulare Spezifität von Membran-Interaktionen bei Paramecium
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International Review of Cytology. 2003, 232, pp. 185-216. Available under: doi: 10.1016/S0074-7696(03)32005-4
Zusammenfassung

Results achieved in the molecular biology of Paramecium have shed new light on its elaborate membrane trafficking system. Paramecium disposes not only of the standard routes (endoplasmic reticulum --> Golgi --> lysosomes or secretory vesicles; endo- and phagosomes --> lysosomes/digesting vacuoles), but also of some unique features, e.g. and elaborate phagocytic route with the cytoproct and membrane recycling to the cytopharynx, as well as the osmoregulatory system with multiple membrane fusion sites. Exocytosis sites for trichocysts (dense-core secretory vesicles), parasomal sacs (coated pits), and terminal cisternae (early endosomes) display additional regularly arranged predetermined fusion/fission sites, which now can be discussed on a molecular basis. Considering the regular, repetitive arrangements of membrane components, availability of mutants for complementation studies, sensitivity to gene silencing, and so on, Paramecium continues to be a valuable model system for analyzing membrane interactions. This review intends to set a new baseline for ongoing work along these lines.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Ciliates, Membranes, Membrane traffic, Membrane fusion, Paramecium
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ISO 690PLATTNER, Helmut, Roland KISSMEHL, 2003. Molecular aspects of membrane trafficking in paramecium. In: International Review of Cytology. 2003, 232, pp. 185-216. Available under: doi: 10.1016/S0074-7696(03)32005-4
BibTex
@article{Plattner2003Molec-7136,
  year={2003},
  doi={10.1016/S0074-7696(03)32005-4},
  title={Molecular aspects of membrane trafficking in paramecium},
  volume={232},
  journal={International Review of Cytology},
  pages={185--216},
  author={Plattner, Helmut and Kissmehl, Roland}
}
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