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A comparison of the normal and regenerated retinotectal pathways of goldfish

A comparison of the normal and regenerated retinotectal pathways of goldfish

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STÜRMER, Claudia, Stephen S. EASTER, 1984. A comparison of the normal and regenerated retinotectal pathways of goldfish. In: Journal of Comparative Neurology. 223(1), pp. 57-76. ISSN 0021-9967. eISSN 1096-9861. Available under: doi: 10.1002/cne.902230106

@article{Sturmer1984compa-7072, title={A comparison of the normal and regenerated retinotectal pathways of goldfish}, year={1984}, doi={10.1002/cne.902230106}, number={1}, volume={223}, issn={0021-9967}, journal={Journal of Comparative Neurology}, pages={57--76}, author={Stürmer, Claudia and Easter, Stephen S.} }

This is a light and electron microscopic study of the retinotectal pathway: intact and after regeneration of the optic nerve. The spatiotemporal pattern of axonal outgrowth and termination was studied with the methods of proline autoradiography, horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labeling, and fiber degeneration.<br />The spatial order of optic fibers in the normal and regenerated pathways was assessed by labeling small groups intraretinally with HRP and then tracing them to the tectum. The labeled fibers occupied a greater fraction of the cross section of the regenerated than the normal optic tract. At the brachial bifurcation, roughly 20% of the regenerated fibers chose the incorrect brachium vs. less than 1% of the normals. In tectum, the regenerated optic fibers reestablished fascicles in stratum opticum, but they were less orderly than in the normals. The retinal origins of the fibers in the fascicles were established by labeling individual fascicles with HRP and then, following retrograde transport, finding labeled ganglion cells in whole-mounted retinas. Labeled cells were more widely scattered over the previously axotomized retinas than over the normal ones. A similar result was obtained when HRP was applied in the tectal synaptic layer. All of these results indicate that the pathway of the regenerated optic fibers is less well ordered than the intact pathway.<br />Both autoradiography and HRP showed that the regenerating optic fibers invaded the tectum from the rostral end, and advanced from rostral to caudal and from peripheral to central tectum, along a front roughly perpendicular to the tectal fascicles. Synapses of retinal origin were noted electron microscopically in the tectum at the same sites where autoradiography indicated that the fibers had arrived. No retinal terminals were seen where grain densities were at background levels. Fiber ingrowth and synaptogenesis apparently occurred simultaneously. The synapses were initially smaller and sparser than in normals, but were in the normal tectal strata and contacted the same classes of post synaptic elements as in normals. First publ. in: Journal of Comparative Neurology 223 (1984), pp. 57-76 Easter, Stephen S. A comparison of the normal and regenerated retinotectal pathways of goldfish eng 2011-03-24T17:31:16Z 1984 2011-03-24T17:31:16Z Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic Stürmer, Claudia application/pdf Stürmer, Claudia Easter, Stephen S.

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