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Pointed Wings, Low Wingloading and Calm Air Reduce Migratory Flight Costs in Songbirds

Pointed Wings, Low Wingloading and Calm Air Reduce Migratory Flight Costs in Songbirds

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BOWLIN, Melissa S., Martin WIKELSKI, KELLY, Jeffery, ed., 2008. Pointed Wings, Low Wingloading and Calm Air Reduce Migratory Flight Costs in Songbirds. In: PLoS ONE. 3(5), pp. e2154. eISSN 1932-6203

@article{Bowlin2008Point-6781, title={Pointed Wings, Low Wingloading and Calm Air Reduce Migratory Flight Costs in Songbirds}, year={2008}, doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0002154}, number={5}, volume={3}, journal={PLoS ONE}, author={Bowlin, Melissa S. and Wikelski, Martin}, note={Article Number: e2154} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/6781"> <dcterms:issued>2008</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T17:29:08Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:title>Pointed Wings, Low Wingloading and Calm Air Reduce Migratory Flight Costs in Songbirds</dcterms:title> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T17:29:08Z</dc:date> <dc:contributor>Wikelski, Martin</dc:contributor> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Migratory bird, bat and insect species tend to have more pointed wings than non-migrants. Pointed wings and low wingloading, or body mass divided by wing area, are thought to reduce energy consumption during long-distance flight, but these hypotheses have never been directly tested. Furthermore, it is not clear how the atmospheric conditions migrants encounter while aloft affect their energy use; without such information, we cannot accurately predict migratory species' response(s) to climate change. Here, we measured the heart rates of 15 free-flying Swainson's Thrushes (Catharus ustulatus) during migratory flight. Heart rate, and therefore rate of energy expenditure, was positively associated with individual variation in wingtip roundedness and wingloading throughout the flights. During the cruise phase of the flights, heart rate was also positively associated with wind speed but not wind direction, and negatively but not significantly associated with large-scale atmospheric stability. High winds and low atmospheric stability are both indicative of the presence of turbulent eddies, suggesting that birds may be using more energy when atmospheric turbulence is high. We therefore suggest that pointed wingtips, low wingloading and avoidance of high winds and turbulence reduce flight costs for small birds during migration, and that climate change may have the strongest effects on migrants' in-flight energy use if it affects the frequency and/or severity of high winds and atmospheric instability.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:contributor>Kelly, Jeffery</dc:contributor> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>First publ. in: PLoS ONE 3 (2008), 5, e2154</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20140905103416863-3868037-7"/> <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format> <dc:creator>Wikelski, Martin</dc:creator> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/6781"/> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> <dc:creator>Bowlin, Melissa S.</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Bowlin, Melissa S.</dc:contributor> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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