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Dual control by a single gene of secondary sexual characters and mating preferences in medaka

Dual control by a single gene of secondary sexual characters and mating preferences in medaka

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FUKAMACHI, Shoji, Masato KINOSHITA, Kouichi AIZAWA, Shoji ODA, Axel MEYER, Hiroshi MITANI, 2009. Dual control by a single gene of secondary sexual characters and mating preferences in medaka. In: BMC Biology. 7(1), 64. eISSN 1741-7007. Available under: doi: 10.1186/1741-7007-7-64

@article{Fukamachi2009contr-6665, title={Dual control by a single gene of secondary sexual characters and mating preferences in medaka}, year={2009}, doi={10.1186/1741-7007-7-64}, number={1}, volume={7}, journal={BMC Biology}, author={Fukamachi, Shoji and Kinoshita, Masato and Aizawa, Kouichi and Oda, Shoji and Meyer, Axel and Mitani, Hiroshi}, note={Article Number: 64} }

Mitani, Hiroshi First publ. in: BMC Biology ; 7 (2009). - 64 Background:<br />Animals utilize a wide variety of tactics to attract reproductive partners. Behavioral experiments often indicate an important role for visual cues in fish, but their molecular basis remains almost entirely unknown. Studies on model species (such as zebrafish and medaka) allow investigations into this fundamental question in behavioral and evolutionary biology.<br />Results:<br />Through mate-choice experiences using several laboratory strains of various body colors, we successfully identified one medaka mutant (color interfere; ci) that is distinctly unattractive to reproductive partners. This unattractiveness seems to be due to reduced orange pigment cells (xanthophores) in the skin. The ci strain carries a mutation on the somatolactin alpha (SLa) gene, therefore we expected over-expression of SLa to make medaka hyper-attractive. Indeed, extremely strong mating preferences were detected in a choice between the ci and SLa-transgenic (Actb-SLa:GFP) medaka. Intriguingly, however, the strains showed opposite biases; that is, the mutant and transgenic medaka liked to mate with partners from their own strain, similar to becoming sexually isolated.<br />Conclusion:<br />This study spotlighted SLa as a novel mate-choice gene in fish. In addition, these results are the first demonstration of a single gene that can pleiotropically and harmoniously change both secondary sexual characters and mating preferences. Although theoretical models have long suggested joint evolution of linked genes on a chromosome, a mutation on a gene-regulatory region (that is, switching on/off of a single gene) might be sufficient to trigger two 'runaway' processes in different directions to promote (sympatric) speciation. eng 2009 Fukamachi, Shoji application/pdf Kinoshita, Masato Aizawa, Kouichi Aizawa, Kouichi Dual control by a single gene of secondary sexual characters and mating preferences in medaka Meyer, Axel Mitani, Hiroshi 2011-03-24T17:28:11Z Meyer, Axel 2011-03-24T17:28:11Z Fukamachi, Shoji Kinoshita, Masato Oda, Shoji deposit-license Oda, Shoji

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