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Feeding rates, assimilation efficiencies and growth of two amphipod species on biodeposited material from zebra mussels

Feeding rates, assimilation efficiencies and growth of two amphipod species on biodeposited material from zebra mussels

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GERGS, René, Karl-Otto ROTHHAUPT, 2008. Feeding rates, assimilation efficiencies and growth of two amphipod species on biodeposited material from zebra mussels. In: Freshwater Biology. 53(12), pp. 2494-2503. ISSN 0046-5070. eISSN 1365-2427

@article{Gergs2008Feedi-6581, title={Feeding rates, assimilation efficiencies and growth of two amphipod species on biodeposited material from zebra mussels}, year={2008}, doi={10.1111/j.1365-2427.2008.02077.x}, number={12}, volume={53}, issn={0046-5070}, journal={Freshwater Biology}, pages={2494--2503}, author={Gergs, René and Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto} }

Gergs, René application/pdf Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto Gergs, René 2008 eng Feeding rates, assimilation efficiencies and growth of two amphipod species on biodeposited material from zebra mussels First publ. in: Freshwater Biology 53 (2008), 12, pp. 2494-2503 deposit-license Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto 2011-03-24T17:27:34Z 1. Accumulation of organic material by the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha is assumed to be the source of a biodeposition-based food web. However, only little is known about the importance of the biodeposited material as a food source and its contribution to increased abundances of macroinvertebrates in the presence of D. polymorpha.<br />2. Feeding, assimilation and growth of the amphipods Gammarus roeselii and Dikerogammarus villosus on food sources directly and indirectly associated with D. polymorpha (biodeposited material and chironomids) and on conditioned alder leaves were measured. The stoichiometry of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus of the diets was measured as an important determining factor of food quality.<br />3. Chironomids had the highest nitrogen and phosphorus contents, alder leaves were depleted in nitrogen and phosphorus, and the stoichiometry of biodeposited material was intermediate.<br />4. Both amphipod species had highest feeding rates and assimilation efficiencies on chironomids. Gammarus roeselii fed more on biodeposited material than on alder leaves, but assimilation efficiencies were similar; D. villosus also had similar feeding rates and assimilation efficiencies on the two diets.<br />5. Both amphipod species had highest growth rates on chironomids and lowest growth rates on alder leaves. Both grew at intermediate rates on biodeposited material of D. polymorpha. The growth rates of the amphipod species were related to food stoichiometry. Overall, the invasive D. villosus grew faster than the indigenous G. roeselii.<br />6. Food resources directly and indirectly associated with D. polymorpha are potential diets for amphipods, providing further evidence for a D. polymorpha biodeposition-based food web. 2011-03-24T17:27:34Z

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