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Zebra mussels mediate benthic-pelagic coupling by biodeposition and changing detrital stoichiometry

Zebra mussels mediate benthic-pelagic coupling by biodeposition and changing detrital stoichiometry

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GERGS, René, Karsten RINKE, Karl-Otto ROTHHAUPT, 2009. Zebra mussels mediate benthic-pelagic coupling by biodeposition and changing detrital stoichiometry. In: Freshwater Biology. 54(7), pp. 1379-1391. Available under: doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02188.x

@article{Gergs2009Zebra-6516, title={Zebra mussels mediate benthic-pelagic coupling by biodeposition and changing detrital stoichiometry}, year={2009}, doi={10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02188.x}, number={7}, volume={54}, journal={Freshwater Biology}, pages={1379--1391}, author={Gergs, René and Rinke, Karsten and Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto} }

Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto application/pdf 2009 2011-03-24T17:09:44Z Gergs, René Rinke, Karsten Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto Gergs, René Zebra mussels mediate benthic-pelagic coupling by biodeposition and changing detrital stoichiometry Rinke, Karsten deposit-license 2011-03-24T17:09:44Z 1. The zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) is one of the most successful invasive species; it has colonised many aquatic systems in Europe and North America with strong impacts on various ecosystem processes. The effect of D. polymorpha filtration on pelagic seston concentrations has been quantified in several studies, but the magnitude and stoichiometry of the transfer of sestonic biomass into benthic detritus by D. polymorpha and the accompanying enrichment of the benthic habitat is still under-investigated.<br /><br />2. We studied biodeposition by zebra mussels in two series of laboratory experiments with the food algae Cryptomonas erosa and Scenedesmus obliquus. We also measured the year-round biodeposition rate under natural conditions in the oligotrophic Lake Constance.<br /><br />3. In all experiments, zebra mussel biodeposition was linearly related to seston concentration. In the field, the relationship changed with a seasonal shift in algal composition and lower biodeposition rates during the spring algal bloom.<br /><br />4. For both algal species in laboratory experiments, biodeposited material was depleted in phosphorous at an algal concentration ≤0.6 mg ash-free dry mass L-1, but not at higher concentrations. This effect was not observed in the field, probably because of high variation in C : N : P stoichiometry.<br /><br />5. By mediating the transfer of pelagic resources into the benthos zebra mussels provide a sufficient amount of detritus for benthic invertebrates, especially during summer. Thus, material biodeposited by the mussels might increase benthic secondary production from pelagic resources, and zebra mussels are important mediators of this flux of organic matter from the pelagic zone into the benthos. eng First publ. in: Freshwater Biology 54 (2009), 7, pp. 1379-1391

Dateiabrufe seit 01.10.2014 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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