Autonomously shaping natural climbing plants : a bio-hybrid approach

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2018
Autor:innen
Heinrich, Mary Katherine
Hofstadler, Daniel Nicolas
Neufeld, Ewald
Kuksin, Igor
Zahadat, Payam
Schmickl, Thomas
Ayres, Phil
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Royal Society Open Science. Royal Society of London. 2018, 5(10), 180296. eISSN 2054-5703. Available under: doi: 10.1098/rsos.180296
Zusammenfassung

Plant growth is a self-organized process incorporating distributed sensing, internal communication and morphology dynamics. We develop a distributed mechatronic system that autonomously interacts with natural climbing plants, steering their behaviours to grow user-defined shapes and patterns. Investigating this bio-hybrid system paves the way towards the development of living adaptive structures and grown building components. In this new application domain, challenges include sensing, actuation and the combination of engineering methods and natural plants in the experimental set-up. By triggering behavioural responses in the plants through light spectra stimuli, we use static mechatronic nodes to grow climbing plants in a user-defined pattern at a two-dimensional plane. The experiments show successful growth over periods up to eight weeks. Results of the stimuli-guided experiments are substantially different from the control experiments. Key limitations are the number of repetitions performed and the scale of the systems tested. Recommended future research would investigate the use of similar bio-hybrids to connect construction elements and grow shapes of larger size.

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004 Informatik
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bio-hybrid, self-organization, natural plants, distributed control, adaptive construction, biotechnology
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ISO 690WAHBY, Mostafa, Mary Katherine HEINRICH, Daniel Nicolas HOFSTADLER, Ewald NEUFELD, Igor KUKSIN, Payam ZAHADAT, Thomas SCHMICKL, Phil AYRES, Heiko HAMANN, 2018. Autonomously shaping natural climbing plants : a bio-hybrid approach. In: Royal Society Open Science. Royal Society of London. 2018, 5(10), 180296. eISSN 2054-5703. Available under: doi: 10.1098/rsos.180296
BibTex
@article{Wahby2018Auton-59787,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.1098/rsos.180296},
  title={Autonomously shaping natural climbing plants : a bio-hybrid approach},
  number={10},
  volume={5},
  journal={Royal Society Open Science},
  author={Wahby, Mostafa and Heinrich, Mary Katherine and Hofstadler, Daniel Nicolas and Neufeld, Ewald and Kuksin, Igor and Zahadat, Payam and Schmickl, Thomas and Ayres, Phil and Hamann, Heiko},
  note={Article Number: 180296}
}
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