## Variations of Gender Gaps in the Labour Market Outcomes of Graduates across Fields of Study : A (Combined) Test of Two Theories

No Thumbnail Available
##### Files
There are no files associated with this item.
2022
Journal article
Published
##### Published in
Sociology ; 2022. - Sage. - ISSN 0038-0385. - eISSN 1469-8684
##### Abstract
Unequal gender outcomes in occupational success unravel through different channels in higher education. Using the AlmaLaurea dataset comprised of 80% of Italian graduates and 98 fields of study, this article investigates whether men and women receive similar returns on employment and earnings when choosing the same field of study. Two complementary perspectives are applied – Kanter’s theory of relative numbers and the status theory of gender – to examine the quantitative and qualitative differences between fields. The results show that the most gender ‘balanced’ fields of study are the most gender unequal in terms of earnings and employment. Separate analyses demonstrate that the status of a field interacts with its gender composition, and gender gaps in female-intensive nurturing fields shrink faster with an increasing proportion of women, albeit at higher absolute levels compared with non-nurturing fields. Therefore, nurturing fields of study should not necessarily be considered as levelling gender inequality in the labour market.
##### Subject (DDC)
300 Social Sciences, Sociology
##### Cite This
ISO 690GALOS, Diana Roxana, Nevena KULIC, 2022. Variations of Gender Gaps in the Labour Market Outcomes of Graduates across Fields of Study : A (Combined) Test of Two Theories. In: Sociology. Sage. ISSN 0038-0385. eISSN 1469-8684. Available under: doi: 10.1177/00380385221122400
BibTex
@article{Galos2022-09Varia-59273,
year={2022},
doi={10.1177/00380385221122400},
title={Variations of Gender Gaps in the Labour Market Outcomes of Graduates across Fields of Study : A (Combined) Test of Two Theories},
issn={0038-0385},
journal={Sociology},
author={Galos, Diana Roxana and Kulic, Nevena}
}

RDF
<rdf:RDF
xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" >
<dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/34"/>
<dcterms:title>Variations of Gender Gaps in the Labour Market Outcomes of Graduates across Fields of Study : A (Combined) Test of Two Theories</dcterms:title>
<bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/59273"/>
<dc:contributor>Galos, Diana Roxana</dc:contributor>
<dc:language>eng</dc:language>
<dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Unequal gender outcomes in occupational success unravel through different channels in higher education. Using the AlmaLaurea dataset comprised of 80% of Italian graduates and 98 fields of study, this article investigates whether men and women receive similar returns on employment and earnings when choosing the same field of study. Two complementary perspectives are applied – Kanter’s theory of relative numbers and the status theory of gender – to examine the quantitative and qualitative differences between fields. The results show that the most gender ‘balanced’ fields of study are the most gender unequal in terms of earnings and employment. Separate analyses demonstrate that the status of a field interacts with its gender composition, and gender gaps in female-intensive nurturing fields shrink faster with an increasing proportion of women, albeit at higher absolute levels compared with non-nurturing fields. Therefore, nurturing fields of study should not necessarily be considered as levelling gender inequality in the labour market.</dcterms:abstract>
<dc:creator>Kulic, Nevena</dc:creator>
<dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/34"/>
<dcterms:issued>2022-09</dcterms:issued>
<dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-11-25T07:47:15Z</dcterms:available>
<void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
<foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
<dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-11-25T07:47:15Z</dc:date>
<dc:creator>Galos, Diana Roxana</dc:creator>
<dc:contributor>Kulic, Nevena</dc:contributor>
</rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>

Yes
##### Refereed
Unknown
Online First: Journal articles that are published online before they appear as an actual part of a journal issue. Online first articles are published on the journal's website in the publisher's version.