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The Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) : A meta-analysis of its predictive and incremental validity

The Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) : A meta-analysis of its predictive and incremental validity

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BURGHART, Matthias, Corine DE RUITER, Sophia E. HYNES, Nishant KRISHNAN, Yara LEVTOVA, Abdo UYAR, 2022. The Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) : A meta-analysis of its predictive and incremental validity. In: Psychological Assessment. American Psychological Association (APA). ISSN 1040-3590. eISSN 1939-134X. Available under: doi: 10.1037/pas0001184

@article{Burghart2022-10-13Struc-59007, title={The Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) : A meta-analysis of its predictive and incremental validity}, year={2022}, doi={10.1037/pas0001184}, issn={1040-3590}, journal={Psychological Assessment}, author={Burghart, Matthias and de Ruiter, Corine and Hynes, Sophia E. and Krishnan, Nishant and Levtova, Yara and Uyar, Abdo} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/59007"> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:creator>Hynes, Sophia E.</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Krishnan, Nishant</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Krishnan, Nishant</dc:contributor> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <dc:contributor>de Ruiter, Corine</dc:contributor> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:contributor>Burghart, Matthias</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Uyar, Abdo</dc:contributor> <dcterms:issued>2022-10-13</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Although the inclusion of protective factors in risk assessment is believed to improve prediction, most risk assessment tools emphasize risk factors. In response, the Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) has been developed, which focuses exclusively on protective factors and is used in conjunction with a structured risk assessment tool. It has received increasing attention from both researchers and forensic mental health practitioners, and additional versions have been developed for use with adolescents (SAPROF-YV) and sex offenders (SAPROF-SO). To assess their psychometric performance, we conducted a meta-analysis of validation studies. Our final sample included 39 articles with 5,434 subjects from 16 countries. Overall, the SAPROF(-YV/-SO) showed good interrater reliability and moderate-to-good predictive performance for the absence of recidivism and institutional misconduct. All three instruments exhibited incremental validity when used in conjunction with a risk-focused assessment tool. Our meta-analysis additionally showed that changes on the SAPROF are associated with decreased violent and general recidivism after controlling for baseline risk. We also uncovered several shortcomings in current research with the SAPROF(-YV/-SO). Studies did not report calibration indices and most studies were retrospective and limited to male offenders. The present findings provide support for the relevance of protective factors in risk assessment, but future research should focus on their hypothesized role in treatment and risk management.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-11-03T10:31:51Z</dc:date> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:creator>Uyar, Abdo</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>The Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) : A meta-analysis of its predictive and incremental validity</dcterms:title> <dc:creator>Burghart, Matthias</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Levtova, Yara</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Hynes, Sophia E.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>de Ruiter, Corine</dc:creator> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/59007"/> <dc:contributor>Levtova, Yara</dc:contributor> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-11-03T10:31:51Z</dcterms:available> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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