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Reduced defect density in crystalline halide perovskite films via methylamine treatment for the application in photodetectors

Reduced defect density in crystalline halide perovskite films via methylamine treatment for the application in photodetectors

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SCHÜTZ, Emilia R., Azhar FAKHARUDDIN, Yenal YALCINKAYA, Efrain OCHOA-MARTINEZ, Shanti BIJANI, Abd. Rashid bin MOHD YUSOFF, Maria VASILOPOULOU, Tobias SEEWALD, Ullrich STEINER, Lukas SCHMIDT-MENDE, 2022. Reduced defect density in crystalline halide perovskite films via methylamine treatment for the application in photodetectors. In: APL Materials. American Institute of Physics (AIP). 10, 081110. eISSN 2166-532X. Available under: doi: 10.1063/5.0093333

@article{Schutz2022Reduc-58424, title={Reduced defect density in crystalline halide perovskite films via methylamine treatment for the application in photodetectors}, year={2022}, doi={10.1063/5.0093333}, volume={10}, journal={APL Materials}, author={Schütz, Emilia R. and Fakharuddin, Azhar and Yalcinkaya, Yenal and Ochoa-Martinez, Efrain and Bijani, Shanti and Mohd Yusoff, Abd. Rashid bin and Vasilopoulou, Maria and Seewald, Tobias and Steiner, Ullrich and Schmidt-Mende, Lukas}, note={Article Number: 081110} }

Considerable efforts have been devoted to optimizing and controlling the morphology and electronic properties of lead halide perovskites. The defect density of a perovskite layer strongly depends on the processing conditions. Consequently, the fabrication process of high-quality films is often complex, and reproducibility is a challenge. In this work, we present a methylamine gas-based method to recrystallize perovskite layers of any given quality in a controlled way, leading to millimeter-sized domains. Crystallinity significantly increases upon methylamine treatment, and crystal growth follows a preferred orientation. Photoluminescence- and space-charge limited current measurements show that the trap density halves after recrystallization. Conductive atomic force microscopy measurements show a higher surface conductivity and an improved spatial homogeneity after methylamine treatment. When applied in photodetectors, the improved film quality of the recrystallized films leads to increased detectivities of ≈4 × 10<sup>11</sup> Jones compared to 3 × 10<sup>9</sup> Jones of a reference device. The response time falls from 0.1 to 10<sup>−5</sup> s upon methylamine treatment. Our work, thus, presents a promising route to fabricating reproducible, high-quality perovskite films through well-controllable recrystallization. Seewald, Tobias Steiner, Ullrich Ochoa-Martinez, Efrain Bijani, Shanti Vasilopoulou, Maria Ochoa-Martinez, Efrain 2022 Vasilopoulou, Maria Reduced defect density in crystalline halide perovskite films via methylamine treatment for the application in photodetectors Yalcinkaya, Yenal Schmidt-Mende, Lukas Mohd Yusoff, Abd. Rashid bin eng Mohd Yusoff, Abd. Rashid bin Fakharuddin, Azhar Bijani, Shanti Schütz, Emilia R. Fakharuddin, Azhar Schütz, Emilia R. Seewald, Tobias Steiner, Ullrich 2022-08-30T11:38:43Z Schmidt-Mende, Lukas 2022-08-30T11:38:43Z Yalcinkaya, Yenal terms-of-use

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