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A meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment in relation to psychopathic traits

A meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment in relation to psychopathic traits

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DE RUITER, Corine, Matthias BURGHART, Raneesha DE SILVA, Sara GRIESBECK GARCIA, Ushna MIAN, Eoin WALSHE, Veronika ZOUHAROVA, 2022. A meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment in relation to psychopathic traits. In: PloS ONE. Public Library of Science (PLoS). 17(8), e0272704. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0272704

@article{deRuiter2022metaa-58288, title={A meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment in relation to psychopathic traits}, year={2022}, doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0272704}, number={8}, volume={17}, journal={PloS ONE}, author={de Ruiter, Corine and Burghart, Matthias and De Silva, Raneesha and Griesbeck Garcia, Sara and Mian, Ushna and Walshe, Eoin and Zouharova, Veronika}, note={Article Number: e0272704} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/58288"> <dcterms:title>A meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment in relation to psychopathic traits</dcterms:title> <dc:creator>Burghart, Matthias</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Zouharova, Veronika</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Griesbeck Garcia, Sara</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>de Ruiter, Corine</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Walshe, Eoin</dc:contributor> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-08-16T07:19:30Z</dcterms:available> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:creator>de Ruiter, Corine</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Mian, Ushna</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Burghart, Matthias</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/58288"/> <dc:rights>Attribution 4.0 International</dc:rights> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/58288/1/DeRuiter_2-1rfuut3c4058m2.pdf"/> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <dc:contributor>Zouharova, Veronika</dc:contributor> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/58288/1/DeRuiter_2-1rfuut3c4058m2.pdf"/> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:creator>De Silva, Raneesha</dc:creator> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-08-16T07:19:30Z</dc:date> <dcterms:issued>2022</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"/> <dc:contributor>Griesbeck Garcia, Sara</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>De Silva, Raneesha</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Mian, Ushna</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Walshe, Eoin</dc:creator> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by a mix of traits belonging to four facets: affective (e.g., callous/lack of empathy), interpersonal (e.g., grandiosity), behavioral instability (e.g., impulsivity, poor behavioral controls), and social deviance (e.g., juvenile delinquency, criminal versatility). Several scholars have argued that early childhood maltreatment impacts the development of psychopathy, although views regarding its role in the four facets differ. We conducted a meta-analysis including 47 studies comprising a total of 389 effect sizes and 12,737 participants, to investigate the association between psychopathy and four types of child maltreatment: physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse. We found support for a moderate link between overall psychopathy and childhood physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect, as well as overall childhood maltreatment. The link between psychopathy and childhood sexual abuse was small, but still statistically significant. These associations were stronger for the behavioral and antisocial facets than for the affective and interpersonal facets of psychopathy, but nearly all associations were statistically significant. Our findings are consistent with recently developed theories on the role of complex trauma in the development of severe personality disorders. Trauma-focused preventive and therapeutic interventions can provide further tests of the trauma-psychopathy hypothesis.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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