A meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment in relation to psychopathic traits

Vorschaubild
Datum
2022
Autor:innen
de Ruiter, Corine
De Silva, Raneesha
Griesbeck Garcia, Sara
Mian, Ushna
Walshe, Eoin
Zouharova, Veronika
Herausgeber:innen
Kontakt
ISSN der Zeitschrift
eISSN
item.preview.dc.identifier.isbn
Bibliografische Daten
Verlag
Schriftenreihe
URI (zitierfähiger Link)
DOI (zitierfähiger Link)
ArXiv-ID
Internationale Patentnummer
Link zur Lizenz
EU-Projektnummer
Projekt
Open Access-Veröffentlichung
Sammlungen
Gesperrt bis
Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Forschungsvorhaben
Organisationseinheiten
Zeitschriftenheft
Publikationstyp
Zeitschriftenartikel
Publikationsstatus
Published
Erschienen in
PloS ONE ; 17 (2022), 8. - e0272704. - Public Library of Science (PLoS). - eISSN 1932-6203
Zusammenfassung
Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by a mix of traits belonging to four facets: affective (e.g., callous/lack of empathy), interpersonal (e.g., grandiosity), behavioral instability (e.g., impulsivity, poor behavioral controls), and social deviance (e.g., juvenile delinquency, criminal versatility). Several scholars have argued that early childhood maltreatment impacts the development of psychopathy, although views regarding its role in the four facets differ. We conducted a meta-analysis including 47 studies comprising a total of 389 effect sizes and 12,737 participants, to investigate the association between psychopathy and four types of child maltreatment: physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse. We found support for a moderate link between overall psychopathy and childhood physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect, as well as overall childhood maltreatment. The link between psychopathy and childhood sexual abuse was small, but still statistically significant. These associations were stronger for the behavioral and antisocial facets than for the affective and interpersonal facets of psychopathy, but nearly all associations were statistically significant. Our findings are consistent with recently developed theories on the role of complex trauma in the development of severe personality disorders. Trauma-focused preventive and therapeutic interventions can provide further tests of the trauma-psychopathy hypothesis.
Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
Schlagwörter
Konferenz
Rezension
undefined / . - undefined, undefined. - (undefined; undefined)
Zitieren
ISO 690DE RUITER, Corine, Matthias BURGHART, Raneesha DE SILVA, Sara GRIESBECK GARCIA, Ushna MIAN, Eoin WALSHE, Veronika ZOUHAROVA, 2022. A meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment in relation to psychopathic traits. In: PloS ONE. Public Library of Science (PLoS). 17(8), e0272704. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0272704
BibTex
@article{deRuiter2022metaa-58288,
  year={2022},
  doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0272704},
  title={A meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment in relation to psychopathic traits},
  number={8},
  volume={17},
  journal={PloS ONE},
  author={de Ruiter, Corine and Burghart, Matthias and De Silva, Raneesha and Griesbeck Garcia, Sara and Mian, Ushna and Walshe, Eoin and Zouharova, Veronika},
  note={Article Number: e0272704}
}
RDF
<rdf:RDF
    xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
    xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
    xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
    xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
    xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
    xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
    xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > 
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/58288">
    <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/58288/1/DeRuiter_2-1rfuut3c4058m2.pdf"/>
    <dc:creator>De Silva, Raneesha</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:title>A meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment in relation to psychopathic traits</dcterms:title>
    <dc:contributor>Mian, Ushna</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by a mix of traits belonging to four facets: affective (e.g., callous/lack of empathy), interpersonal (e.g., grandiosity), behavioral instability (e.g., impulsivity, poor behavioral controls), and social deviance (e.g., juvenile delinquency, criminal versatility). Several scholars have argued that early childhood maltreatment impacts the development of psychopathy, although views regarding its role in the four facets differ. We conducted a meta-analysis including 47 studies comprising a total of 389 effect sizes and 12,737 participants, to investigate the association between psychopathy and four types of child maltreatment: physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse. We found support for a moderate link between overall psychopathy and childhood physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect, as well as overall childhood maltreatment. The link between psychopathy and childhood sexual abuse was small, but still statistically significant. These associations were stronger for the behavioral and antisocial facets than for the affective and interpersonal facets of psychopathy, but nearly all associations were statistically significant. Our findings are consistent with recently developed theories on the role of complex trauma in the development of severe personality disorders. Trauma-focused preventive and therapeutic interventions can provide further tests of the trauma-psychopathy hypothesis.</dcterms:abstract>
    <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
    <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/58288"/>
    <dcterms:issued>2022</dcterms:issued>
    <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
    <dc:creator>Zouharova, Veronika</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>Mian, Ushna</dc:creator>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/58288/1/DeRuiter_2-1rfuut3c4058m2.pdf"/>
    <dc:contributor>Zouharova, Veronika</dc:contributor>
    <dc:contributor>Walshe, Eoin</dc:contributor>
    <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-08-16T07:19:30Z</dc:date>
    <dc:contributor>De Silva, Raneesha</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
    <dc:creator>Burghart, Matthias</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>de Ruiter, Corine</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-08-16T07:19:30Z</dcterms:available>
    <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
    <dc:creator>Griesbeck Garcia, Sara</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>Walshe, Eoin</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"/>
    <dc:contributor>Griesbeck Garcia, Sara</dc:contributor>
    <dc:rights>Attribution 4.0 International</dc:rights>
    <dc:contributor>Burghart, Matthias</dc:contributor>
    <dc:contributor>de Ruiter, Corine</dc:contributor>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
Interner Vermerk
xmlui.Submission.submit.DescribeStep.inputForms.label.kops_note_fromSubmitter
Kontakt
URL der Originalveröffentl.
Prüfdatum der URL
Prüfungsdatum der Dissertation
Finanzierungsart
Kommentar zur Publikation
Allianzlizenz
Corresponding Authors der Uni Konstanz vorhanden
Internationale Co-Autor:innen
Universitätsbibliographie
Ja
Begutachtet
Ja