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Glucose- and Glucokinase-Controlled mal Gene Expression in Escherichia coli

Glucose- and Glucokinase-Controlled mal Gene Expression in Escherichia coli

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LENGSFELD, Christina, Stefan SCHÖNERT, Renate DIPPEL, Winfried BOOS, 2009. Glucose- and Glucokinase-Controlled mal Gene Expression in Escherichia coli. In: Journal of Bacteriology. American Society for Microbiology (ASM). 191(3), pp. 701-712. ISSN 0021-9193. eISSN 1098-5530. Available under: doi: 10.1128/JB.00767-08

@article{Lengsfeld2009-02Gluco-58076, title={Glucose- and Glucokinase-Controlled mal Gene Expression in Escherichia coli}, year={2009}, doi={10.1128/JB.00767-08}, number={3}, volume={191}, issn={0021-9193}, journal={Journal of Bacteriology}, pages={701--712}, author={Lengsfeld, Christina and Schönert, Stefan and Dippel, Renate and Boos, Winfried} }

Glucose- and Glucokinase-Controlled mal Gene Expression in Escherichia coli eng Schönert, Stefan 2009-02 Lengsfeld, Christina Boos, Winfried Dippel, Renate 2022-07-19T09:49:28Z Lengsfeld, Christina Boos, Winfried Dippel, Renate MalT is the central transcriptional activator of all mal genes in Escherichia coli. Its activity is controlled by the inducer maltotriose. It can be inhibited by the interaction with certain proteins, and its expression can be controlled. We report here a novel aspect of mal gene regulation: the effect of cytoplasmic glucose and glucokinase (Glk) on the activity and the expression of MalT. Amylomaltase (MalQ) is essential for the metabolism of maltose. It forms maltodextrins and glucose from maltose or maltodextrins. We found that glucose above a concentration of 0.1 mM blocked the activity of the enzyme. malQ mutants when grown in the absence of maltodextrins are endogenously induced by maltotriose that is derived from the degradation of glycogen. Therefore, the fact that glk malQ+ mutants showed elevated mal gene expression finds its explanation in the reduced ability to remove glucose from MalQ-catalyzed maltodextrin formation and is caused by a metabolically induced MalQ<sup>−</sup> phenotype. However, even in mutants lacking glycogen, Glk controls endogenous induction. We found that overexpressed Glk due to its structural similarity with Mlc, the repressor of malT, binds to the glucose transporter (PtsG), releasing Mlc and thus increasing malT repression. In addition, even in mutants lacking Mlc (and glycogen), the overexpression of glk leads to a reduction in mal gene expression. We interpret this repression by a direct interaction of Glk with MalT concomitant with MalT inhibition. This repression was dependent on the presence of either maltodextrin phosphorylase or amylomaltase and led to the inactivation of MalT. Schönert, Stefan 2022-07-19T09:49:28Z

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