KOPS - The Institutional Repository of the University of Konstanz

Prevalence of pica and rumination behaviours in adults and associations with eating disorder and general psychopathology : findings form a population-based study

Prevalence of pica and rumination behaviours in adults and associations with eating disorder and general psychopathology : findings form a population-based study

Cite This

Files in this item

Checksum: MD5:ce3674d55717b9209efeafc21ad1f397

HARTMANN, Andrea S., Markus ZENGER, Heide GLAESMER, Bernhard STRAUSS, Elmar BRÄHLER, Martina DE ZWAAN, Anja HILBERT, 2022. Prevalence of pica and rumination behaviours in adults and associations with eating disorder and general psychopathology : findings form a population-based study. In: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences. Cambridge University Press. 31, e40. ISSN 2045-7960. eISSN 2045-7979. Available under: doi: 10.1017/S2045796022000208

@article{Hartmann2022-06-09Preva-57839, title={Prevalence of pica and rumination behaviours in adults and associations with eating disorder and general psychopathology : findings form a population-based study}, year={2022}, doi={10.1017/S2045796022000208}, volume={31}, issn={2045-7960}, journal={Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences}, author={Hartmann, Andrea S. and Zenger, Markus and Glaesmer, Heide and Strauß, Bernhard and Brähler, Elmar and de Zwaan, Martina and Hilbert, Anja}, note={Article Number: e40} }

Prevalence of pica and rumination behaviours in adults and associations with eating disorder and general psychopathology : findings form a population-based study Glaesmer, Heide Hilbert, Anja Brähler, Elmar 2022-06-09 Hartmann, Andrea S. Aims<br />Pica and rumination disorder are known as feeding disorder diagnoses in childhood, but little is known about their occurrence in adulthood. This study aimed to assess prevalence rates of one-time and recurrent pica and rumination behaviours (PB and RB) in adults, including sociodemographic subgroups, and to examine associations with other eating disorder and general psychopathology.<br /><br />Methods<br />The representative population sample (N = 2403) completed measures on PB and RB, symptoms of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), body image and symptoms of depression and anxiety.<br /><br />Results<br />Any PB and RB were reported in 5.33 and 5.49%, respectively, while recurrent PB or RB occurred in 1.08 and 0.71%, respectively. Co-occurrence was high, with 35.29% of recurrent PB in RB, and 23.08% vice versa. Prevalence rates of recurrent PB or RB did not differ by gender, weight status, educational or migration history from those without recurrent behaviours. Adults with v. without recurrent PB and RB showed more symptoms of ARFID, general eating disorders depression and anxiety, and behavioural symptoms of eating disorders (with the exception of compensatory behaviours in recurrent PB), and less positive body image. However, there were no differences regarding age and body mass index.<br /><br />Conclusions<br />Our findings highlight the clinical significance of PB and RB in adults regarding both prevalence and associations with other psychopathological symptoms. In particular, associations with body image need to be investigated further, as in contrast to other eating disorders, body image disturbance is not yet represented in the diagnostic criteria for pica and rumination disorder. In sum, the findings highlight the need for clinical attention for these disorders and related behaviours in adults. Hilbert, Anja Zenger, Markus de Zwaan, Martina 2022-06-23T14:40:34Z Brähler, Elmar eng Attribution 4.0 International Strauß, Bernhard Glaesmer, Heide Strauß, Bernhard Zenger, Markus de Zwaan, Martina Hartmann, Andrea S. 2022-06-23T14:40:34Z

Downloads since Jun 23, 2022 (Information about access statistics)

Hartmann_2-1vurit8mrtd2q1.pdf 54

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Attribution 4.0 International Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International

Search KOPS


Browse

My Account