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Human IPSC 3D brain model as a tool to study chemical-induced dopaminergic neuronal toxicity

Human IPSC 3D brain model as a tool to study chemical-induced dopaminergic neuronal toxicity

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PAMIES, David, Daphne WIERSMA, Moriah E. KATT, Liang ZHAO, Johannes BURTSCHER, Georgina HARRIS, Lena SMIRNOVA, Peter C. SEARSON, Thomas HARTUNG, Helena T. HOGBERG, 2022. Human IPSC 3D brain model as a tool to study chemical-induced dopaminergic neuronal toxicity. In: Neurobiology of disease. Elsevier. 169, 105719. ISSN 0969-9961. eISSN 1095-953X. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2022.105719

@article{Pamies2022-07Human-57797, title={Human IPSC 3D brain model as a tool to study chemical-induced dopaminergic neuronal toxicity}, year={2022}, doi={10.1016/j.nbd.2022.105719}, volume={169}, issn={0969-9961}, journal={Neurobiology of disease}, author={Pamies, David and Wiersma, Daphne and Katt, Moriah E. and Zhao, Liang and Burtscher, Johannes and Harris, Georgina and Smirnova, Lena and Searson, Peter C. and Hartung, Thomas and Hogberg, Helena T.}, note={Article Number: 105719} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/57797"> <dc:creator>Harris, Georgina</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Zhao, Liang</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Hogberg, Helena T.</dc:creator> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:creator>Hartung, Thomas</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Zhao, Liang</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Pamies, David</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Hogberg, Helena T.</dc:contributor> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/57797/1/Pamies_2-1kznpu14p9xq5.pdf"/> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/57797"/> <dc:contributor>Hartung, Thomas</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Wiersma, Daphne</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Searson, Peter C.</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Burtscher, Johannes</dc:creator> <dc:rights>Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International</dc:rights> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Oxidative stress is caused by an imbalance between the generation and detoxification of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS). This imbalance plays an important role in brain aging and age-related neurodegenerative diseases. In the context of Parkinson's disease (PD), the sensitivity of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta to oxidative stress is considered a key factor of PD pathogenesis. Here we study the effect of different oxidative stress-inducing compounds (6-OHDA, MPTP or MPP+) on the population of dopaminergic neurons in an iPSC-derived human brain 3D model (aka BrainSpheres). Treatment with 6-OHDA, MPTP or MPP+ at 4 weeks of differentiation disrupted the dopaminergic neuronal phenotype in BrainSpheres at (50, 5000, 1000 μM respectively). 6-OHDA increased ROS production and decreased mitochondrial function most efficiently. It further induced the greatest changes in gene expression and metabolites related to oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. Co-culturing BrainSpheres with an endothelial barrier using a transwell system allowed the assessment of differential penetration capacities of the tested compounds and the damage they caused in the dopaminergic neurons within the BrainSpheres In conclusion, treatment with compounds known to induce PD-like phenotypes in vivo caused molecular deficits and loss of dopaminergic neurons in the BrainSphere model. This approach therefore recapitulates common animal models of neurodegenerative processes in PD at similarly high doses. The relevance as tool for drug discovery is discussed.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:contributor>Smirnova, Lena</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Searson, Peter C.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Smirnova, Lena</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>Human IPSC 3D brain model as a tool to study chemical-induced dopaminergic neuronal toxicity</dcterms:title> <dc:contributor>Burtscher, Johannes</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Harris, Georgina</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Katt, Moriah E.</dc:creator> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-06-17T07:30:41Z</dcterms:available> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:contributor>Wiersma, Daphne</dc:contributor> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/57797/1/Pamies_2-1kznpu14p9xq5.pdf"/> <dc:contributor>Pamies, David</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Katt, Moriah E.</dc:contributor> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-06-17T07:30:41Z</dc:date> <dcterms:issued>2022-07</dcterms:issued> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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