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The genetic technologies questionnaire: lay judgments about genetic technologies align with ethical theory, are coherent, and predict behaviour

The genetic technologies questionnaire: lay judgments about genetic technologies align with ethical theory, are coherent, and predict behaviour

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KÜCHENHOFF, Svenja, Johannes DOERFLINGER, Nora HEINZELMANN, 2022. The genetic technologies questionnaire: lay judgments about genetic technologies align with ethical theory, are coherent, and predict behaviour. In: BMC medical ethics. BioMed Central. 23(1), 54. eISSN 1472-6939. Available under: doi: 10.1186/s12910-022-00792-x

@article{Kuchenhoff2022-05-25genet-57760, title={The genetic technologies questionnaire: lay judgments about genetic technologies align with ethical theory, are coherent, and predict behaviour}, year={2022}, doi={10.1186/s12910-022-00792-x}, number={1}, volume={23}, journal={BMC medical ethics}, author={Küchenhoff, Svenja and Doerflinger, Johannes and Heinzelmann, Nora}, note={Article Number: 54} }

Heinzelmann, Nora Doerflinger, Johannes 2022-05-25 2022-06-10T08:32:24Z Küchenhoff, Svenja 2022-06-10T08:32:24Z Küchenhoff, Svenja Doerflinger, Johannes Heinzelmann, Nora Attribution 4.0 International Background: Policy regulations of ethically controversial genetic technologies should, on the one hand, be based on ethical principles. On the other hand, they should be socially acceptable to ensure implementation. In addition, they should align with ethical theory. Yet to date we lack a reliable and valid scale to measure the relevant ethical judgements in laypeople. We target this lacuna.<br />Methods: We developed a scale based on ethical principles to elicit lay judgments: the Genetic Technologies Questionnaire (GTQ). In two pilot studies and a pre-registered main study, we validated the scale in a representative sample of the US population. Results: The final version of the scale contains 20 items but remains highly reliable even when reduced to five. It also predicts behaviour; for example, ethical judgments as measured by the GTQ predicted hypothetical donations and grocery shopping. In addition, the GTQ may be of interest to policymakers and ethicists because it reveals coherent and ethically justified judgments in laypeople. For instance, the GTQ indicates that ethical judgments are sensitive to possible benefits and harms (in line with utilitarian ethics), but also to ethical principles such as the value of consent-autonomy. Conclusions: The GTQ can be recommended for research in both experimental psychology and applied ethics, as well as a tool for ethically and empirically informed policymaking. The genetic technologies questionnaire: lay judgments about genetic technologies align with ethical theory, are coherent, and predict behaviour eng

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