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Evidence-Based Policymaking in Times of Acute Crisis : Comparing the Use of Scientific Knowledge in Germany, Switzerland, and Italy

Evidence-Based Policymaking in Times of Acute Crisis : Comparing the Use of Scientific Knowledge in Germany, Switzerland, and Italy

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HADORN, Susanne, Fritz SAGER, Céline MAVROT, Anna MALANDRINO, Jörn EGE, 2022. Evidence-Based Policymaking in Times of Acute Crisis : Comparing the Use of Scientific Knowledge in Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. In: Politische Vierteljahresschrift. Springer. 63(2), pp. 359-382. ISSN 0720-7182. eISSN 1862-2860. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s11615-022-00382-x

@article{Hadorn2022Evide-57744, title={Evidence-Based Policymaking in Times of Acute Crisis : Comparing the Use of Scientific Knowledge in Germany, Switzerland, and Italy}, year={2022}, doi={10.1007/s11615-022-00382-x}, number={2}, volume={63}, issn={0720-7182}, journal={Politische Vierteljahresschrift}, pages={359--382}, author={Hadorn, Susanne and Sager, Fritz and Mavrot, Céline and Malandrino, Anna and Ege, Jörn} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/57744"> <dc:contributor>Hadorn, Susanne</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Sager, Fritz</dc:contributor> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/57744/1/Hadorn_2-24rcn4s157dn4.pdf"/> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">This article studies how different systems of policy advice are suited to provide relevant knowledge in times of acute crisis. The notion of evidence-based policymaking (EBP) originated in the successful 1997 New Labour program in the United Kingdom to formulate policy based not on ideology but on sound empirical evidence. We provide a brief overview of the history of the concept and the current debates around it. We then outline the main characteristics of the policy advisory systems in Germany, Switzerland, and Italy through which scientific knowledge—in the form of either person-bound expertise or evidence generated through standard scientific processes—was fed into policy formulation processes before the COVID-19 crisis. Whereas EBP takes place in the form of institutionalized advisory bodies and draws on expertise rather than on evidence in Germany, the system in Switzerland focuses more on the use of evidence provided through external mandates. Italy has a hybrid politicized expert system. The article then analyzes how this different prioritization of expertise vs. evidence in the three countries affects policymakers’ capacity to include scientific knowledge in policy decisions in times of acute crisis. The comparison of the three countries implies that countries with policy advisory systems designed to use expertise are better placed to incorporate scientific knowledge into their decisions in times of acute crisis than are countries with policy advisory systems that relied primarily on evidence before the COVID-19 crisis.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:creator>Ege, Jörn</dc:creator> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-06-07T12:22:40Z</dc:date> <dc:creator>Mavrot, Céline</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>Evidence-Based Policymaking in Times of Acute Crisis : Comparing the Use of Scientific Knowledge in Germany, Switzerland, and Italy</dcterms:title> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/57744/1/Hadorn_2-24rcn4s157dn4.pdf"/> <dcterms:issued>2022</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-06-07T12:22:40Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"/> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/42"/> <dc:creator>Hadorn, Susanne</dc:creator> <dc:rights>Attribution 4.0 International</dc:rights> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/42"/> <dc:creator>Sager, Fritz</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Malandrino, Anna</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Ege, Jörn</dc:contributor> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:contributor>Mavrot, Céline</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/57744"/> <dcterms:alternative>Evidenzbasierte Politikgestaltung in Krisenzeiten : Ein Vergleich der Verwendung von wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen in Deutschland, der Schweiz und Italien</dcterms:alternative> <dc:contributor>Malandrino, Anna</dc:contributor> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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