Carbohydrate Metabolism

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KROTH, Peter G., Yusuke MATSUDA, 2022. Carbohydrate Metabolism. In: FALCIATORE, Angela, ed., Thomas MOCK, ed.. The Molecular Life of Diatoms. Cham:Springer, pp. 465-492. ISBN 978-3-030-92498-0. Available under: doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-92499-7_17

@incollection{Kroth2022Carbo-57618, title={Carbohydrate Metabolism}, year={2022}, doi={10.1007/978-3-030-92499-7_17}, isbn={978-3-030-92498-0}, address={Cham}, publisher={Springer}, booktitle={The Molecular Life of Diatoms}, pages={465--492}, editor={Falciatore, Angela and Mock, Thomas}, author={Kroth, Peter G. and Matsuda, Yusuke} }

Matsuda, Yusuke Carbohydrate Metabolism Kroth, Peter G. Diatoms are unicellular algae that perform photosynthesis, a process that comprises both the electron transport processes in the thylakoid membranes and the reactions involved in CO2 fixation. The latter process is the starting point for carbohydrate biosynthesis and numerous reactions and pathways in different cellular locations, including the generation, modification, conversion, subsequent storage, and degradation of carbohydrates. While there is vast knowledge of these processes available of land plants and green algae, much less is known of algae like diatoms that are derived from secondary endosymbiosis. Comparative studies on the localization and regulation of photosynthetic pathways in recent years revealed in principle a similarity of photosynthesis in land plants and diatoms, but also a number of peculiar differences, which may be due both to the general phylogenetic distance between these groups and the evolution of diatoms by secondary endosymbiosis, resulting in a different genetic background. This chapter describes the current knowledge of CO<sub>2</sub> acquisition and fixation processes in diatoms on the molecular, cellular, and physiological levels in diatoms. Additional focus is laid on photorespiration, as well as carbohydrate pathways, carbohydrate degradation, and carbohydrate storage. Kroth, Peter G. eng terms-of-use Matsuda, Yusuke 2022 2022-05-23T08:16:10Z 2022-05-23T08:16:10Z

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