Ideational Legacies and the Politics of Migration in European Minority Regions

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2022
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978-0-19-284720-1
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Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Transformations in Governance
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Zusammenfassung

In this book, Christina Zuber outlines a theory of ideational policy stabilization to explain stable policy choices despite changing incentives. Historical legacies are frequently invoked in popular and academic accounts of the politics of migration, but the mechanisms of transmission are left underspecified. This work contributes to research on migration and to theories of public policy by arguing that the missing link between past events and present choices is ideational: initially a historical constellation of interests leads actors to defend policy ideas that match the historical environment, but over time, ideas can detach themselves from interests and stabilize into societal dispositions (shared values and identities). This occurs if elites build a discursive consensus around a policy idea, and if bureaucrats develop concomitant policy practices. The book's empirical section analyses ideational stabilization in Catalonia (Spain), which takes an inclusive approach to immigration, and in South Tyrol (Italy), where immigration is framed as a threat. The comparison shows that these differences can be explained by the political economy of historical industrialization and internal migration. Catalans were in the driving seat of industrialization, receiving unskilled migrant workers from the rest of Spain to boost their own economy. South Tyroleans, on the other hand, were in the passenger seat, perceiving incoming Italians as colonizers. Over time, socioeconomic conditions changed, and internal migration was replaced with international migration. Yet with historical ideas having stabilized into dispositions, political and administrative elites continued to understand immigration through the now-obsolete perspective of economic opportunity in Catalonia and ethnic competition in South Tyrol.

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ISO 690ZUBER, Christina Isabel, 2022. Ideational Legacies and the Politics of Migration in European Minority Regions. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-284720-1
BibTex
@book{Zuber2022Ideat-57442,
  year={2022},
  doi={10.1093/oso/9780192847201.001.0001},
  isbn={978-0-19-284720-1},
  publisher={Oxford University Press},
  address={Oxford},
  series={Transformations in Governance},
  title={Ideational Legacies and the Politics of Migration in European Minority Regions},
  author={Zuber, Christina Isabel}
}
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