KOPS - The Institutional Repository of the University of Konstanz

Assessment of temperature optimum signatures of corals at both latitudinal extremes of the Red Sea

Assessment of temperature optimum signatures of corals at both latitudinal extremes of the Red Sea

Cite This

Files in this item

Checksum: MD5:b3b3371da160e77dc1245e4d95127a21

BANC-PRANDI, Guilhem, Nicolas R. EVENSEN, Daniel J. BARSHIS, Gabriela PERNA, Youssouf Moussa OMAR, Maoz FINE, 2022. Assessment of temperature optimum signatures of corals at both latitudinal extremes of the Red Sea. In: Conservation Physiology. Oxford University Press (OUP). 10(1), coac002. eISSN 2051-1434. Available under: doi: 10.1093/conphys/coac002

@article{BancPrandi2022-02-18Asses-57341, title={Assessment of temperature optimum signatures of corals at both latitudinal extremes of the Red Sea}, year={2022}, doi={10.1093/conphys/coac002}, number={1}, volume={10}, journal={Conservation Physiology}, author={Banc-Prandi, Guilhem and Evensen, Nicolas R. and Barshis, Daniel J. and Perna, Gabriela and Omar, Youssouf Moussa and Fine, Maoz}, note={Article Number: coac002} }

Fine, Maoz Banc-Prandi, Guilhem Perna, Gabriela Omar, Youssouf Moussa Attribution 4.0 International 2022-04-22T10:23:39Z Barshis, Daniel J. Banc-Prandi, Guilhem eng Barshis, Daniel J. Rising ocean temperatures are pushing reef-building corals beyond their temperature optima (T<sub>opt</sub>), resulting in reduced phys- iological performances and increased risk of bleaching. Identifying refugia with thermally resistant corals and understanding their thermal adaptation strategy is therefore urgent to guide conservation actions. The Gulf of Aqaba (GoA, northern Red Sea) is considered a climate refuge, hosting corals that may originate from populations selected for thermal resistance in the warmer waters of the Gulf of Tadjoura (GoT, entrance to the Red Sea and 2000 km south of the GoA). To better understand the thermal adaptation strategy of GoA corals, we compared the temperature optima (T<sub>opt</sub>) of six common reef-building coral species from the GoA and the GoT by measuring oxygen production and consumption rates as well as photophysiological performance (i.e. chlorophyll fluorescence) in response to a short heat stress. Most species displayed similar T<sub>opt</sub> between the two locations, highlighting an exceptional continuity in their respective physiological performances across such a large latitudinal range, supporting the GoA refuge theory. Stylophora pistillata showed a significantly lower T<sub>opt</sub> in the GoA, which may suggest an ongoing population-level selection (i.e. adaptation) to the cooler waters of the GoA and subsequent loss of thermal resistance. Interestingly, all T<sub>opt</sub> were significantly above the local maximum monthly mean seawater temperatures in the GoA (27.1◦C) and close or below in the GoT (30.9◦C), indicating that GoA corals, unlike those in the GoT, may survive ocean warming in the next few decades. Finally, Acropora muricata and Porites lobata displayed higher photophysiological performance than most species, which may translate to dominance in local reef communities under future thermal scenarios. Overall, this study is the first to compare the T<sub>opt</sub> of common reef-building coral species over such a latitudinal range and provides insights into their thermal adaptation in the Red Sea. Assessment of temperature optimum signatures of corals at both latitudinal extremes of the Red Sea 2022-02-18 Fine, Maoz Evensen, Nicolas R. Evensen, Nicolas R. 2022-04-22T10:23:39Z Omar, Youssouf Moussa Perna, Gabriela

Downloads since Apr 22, 2022 (Information about access statistics)

Banc-Prandi_2-wviw0c59v2br5.pdf 30

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Attribution 4.0 International Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International

Search KOPS


Browse

My Account