Promoting Ethical Awareness in Communication Analysis : Investigating Potentials and Limits of Visual Analytics for Intelligence Applications

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Proceedings of FAcct '22 : 2022 ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency. New York, NY: ACM, 2022, pp. 877-889. ISBN 978-1-4503-9352-2. Available under: doi: 10.1145/3531146.3533151
Zusammenfassung

Digital systems for analyzing human communication data have become prevalent in recent years. Intelligence analysis of communications data in investigative journalism, criminal intelligence, and law present particularly interesting cases, as they must take into account the often highly sensitive properties of the underlying operations and data. At the same time, these are areas where increasingly automated, sophisticated approaches systems can be particularly relevant, especially in terms of Big Data manageability. However, by the shifting of responsibilities, this also poses dangers. In addition to privacy concerns, these dangers relate to uncertain or poor data quality, leading to discrimination and potentially misleading insights. Visual analytics combines machine learning methods with interactive visual interfaces to enable human sense- and decision-making. This technique can be key for designing and operating meaningful interactive communication analysis systems that consider these ethical challenges. In this interdisciplinary work, a joint endeavor of computer scientists, ethicists, and scholars in Science & Technology Studies, we investigate and evaluate opportunities and risks involved in using Visual analytics approaches for communication analysis in intelligence applications in particular. We introduce, at first, the common technological systems used in communication analysis, further discussing the domain-specific ethical implications, tensions, and risks involved. We then make the case of how tailored Visual Analytics approaches may reduce and mitigate the described problems, both theoretically and through practical examples. We show that finding Visual Analytics design solutions for ethical issues is not a mere optimization task, but balancing out and negotiating these trade-offs has, as we argue, to be an integral aspect of the system design process from the outset.

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004 Informatik
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Communication Analysis, Visual Analytics, Intelligence Analysis, Ethic Awareness, Science & Technology Studies, Critical Algorithm Studies, Critical Data Studies, Machine Learning, Interdisciplinary Research
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FAcct '22: 2022 ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency, 21. Juni 2022 - 24. Juni 2022, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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ISO 690FISCHER, Maximilian T., Simon David HIRSBRUNNER, Wolfgang JENTNER, Matthias MILLER, Daniel A. KEIM, Paula HELM, 2022. Promoting Ethical Awareness in Communication Analysis : Investigating Potentials and Limits of Visual Analytics for Intelligence Applications. FAcct '22: 2022 ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency. Seoul, Republic of Korea, 21. Juni 2022 - 24. Juni 2022. In: Proceedings of FAcct '22 : 2022 ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency. New York, NY: ACM, 2022, pp. 877-889. ISBN 978-1-4503-9352-2. Available under: doi: 10.1145/3531146.3533151
BibTex
@inproceedings{Fischer2022Promo-57021.2,
  year={2022},
  doi={10.1145/3531146.3533151},
  title={Promoting Ethical Awareness in Communication Analysis : Investigating Potentials and Limits of Visual Analytics for Intelligence Applications},
  isbn={978-1-4503-9352-2},
  publisher={ACM},
  address={New York, NY},
  booktitle={Proceedings of FAcct '22 : 2022 ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency},
  pages={877--889},
  author={Fischer, Maximilian T. and Hirsbrunner, Simon David and Jentner, Wolfgang and Miller, Matthias and Keim, Daniel A. and Helm, Paula}
}
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