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Bushmeat Hunting and Zoonotic Transmission of Simian T-Lymphotropic Virus 1 in Tropical West and Central Africa

Bushmeat Hunting and Zoonotic Transmission of Simian T-Lymphotropic Virus 1 in Tropical West and Central Africa

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MOSSOUN, Arsène, Sébastien CALVIGNAC-SPENCER, Augustin E ANOH, Maude S PAULY, Daniel A DRISCOLL, Adam O MICHEL, Lavry Grah NAZAIRE, Stefan PFISTER, Pascale SABWE, Barbara FRUTH, 2017. Bushmeat Hunting and Zoonotic Transmission of Simian T-Lymphotropic Virus 1 in Tropical West and Central Africa. In: Journal of virology. American Society for Microbiology (ASM). 91(10), e02479-16. ISSN 0022-538X. eISSN 1098-5514. Available under: doi: 10.1128/JVI.02479-16

@article{Mossoun2017Bushm-56966, title={Bushmeat Hunting and Zoonotic Transmission of Simian T-Lymphotropic Virus 1 in Tropical West and Central Africa}, year={2017}, doi={10.1128/JVI.02479-16}, number={10}, volume={91}, issn={0022-538X}, journal={Journal of virology}, author={Mossoun, Arsène and Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien and Anoh, Augustin E and Pauly, Maude S and Driscoll, Daniel A and Michel, Adam O and Nazaire, Lavry Grah and Pfister, Stefan and Sabwe, Pascale and Fruth, Barbara}, note={Article Number: e02479-16} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/56966"> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:creator>Mossoun, Arsène</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>Bushmeat Hunting and Zoonotic Transmission of Simian T-Lymphotropic Virus 1 in Tropical West and Central Africa</dcterms:title> <dcterms:issued>2017</dcterms:issued> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-03-23T15:46:31Z</dc:date> <dc:creator>Pfister, Stefan</dc:creator> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Simian T-lymphotropic virus 1 (STLV-1) enters human populations through contact with nonhuman primate (NHP) bushmeat. We tested whether differences in the extent of contact with STLV-1-infected NHP bushmeat foster regional differences in prevalence of human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1). Using serological and PCR assays, we screened humans and NHPs at two Sub-Saharan African sites where subsistence hunting was expected to be less (Taï region, Côte d'Ivoire [CIV]) or more (Bandundu region, Democratic Republic of the Congo [DRC]) developed. Only 0.7% of human participants were infected with HTLV-1 in CIV (n = 574), and 1.3% of humans were infected in DRC (n = 302). Two of the Ivorian human virus sequences were closely related to simian counterparts, indicating ongoing zoonotic transmission. Multivariate analysis of human demographic parameters and behavior confirmed that participants from CIV were less often exposed to NHPs than participants from DRC through direct contact, e.g., butchering. At the same time, numbers of STLV-1-infected NHPs were higher in CIV (39%; n = 111) than in DRC (23%; n = 39). We conclude that similar ultimate risks of zoonotic STLV-1 transmission—defined as the product of prevalence in local NHP and human rates of contact to fresh NHP carcasses—contribute to the observed comparable rates of HTLV-1 infection in humans in CIV and DRC. We found that young adult men and mature women are most likely exposed to NHPs at both sites. In view of the continued difficulties in controlling zoonotic disease outbreaks, the identification of such groups at high risk of NHP exposure may guide future prevention efforts.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:creator>Pauly, Maude S</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien</dc:creator> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-03-23T15:46:31Z</dcterms:available> <dc:creator>Nazaire, Lavry Grah</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Pfister, Stefan</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Mossoun, Arsène</dc:contributor> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:creator>Fruth, Barbara</dc:creator> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/56966"/> <dc:creator>Sabwe, Pascale</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Driscoll, Daniel A</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Pauly, Maude S</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Fruth, Barbara</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Nazaire, Lavry Grah</dc:contributor> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/"/> <dc:creator>Michel, Adam O</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Anoh, Augustin E</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Driscoll, Daniel A</dc:contributor> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:contributor>Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Sabwe, Pascale</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Anoh, Augustin E</dc:contributor> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:contributor>Michel, Adam O</dc:contributor> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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