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Quantum aspects of the electrooptic sampling and modulation of the electromagnetic vacuum

Quantum aspects of the electrooptic sampling and modulation of the electromagnetic vacuum

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LUCENA DE MACEDO GUEDES, Thiago, 2021. Quantum aspects of the electrooptic sampling and modulation of the electromagnetic vacuum [Dissertation]. Konstanz: University of Konstanz

@phdthesis{LucenadeMacedoGuedes2021Quant-56816, title={Quantum aspects of the electrooptic sampling and modulation of the electromagnetic vacuum}, year={2021}, author={Lucena de Macedo Guedes, Thiago}, address={Konstanz}, school={Universität Konstanz} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/56816"> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/56816/3/Lucena_2-1ilo3x1hwllgz9.pdf"/> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/56816/3/Lucena_2-1ilo3x1hwllgz9.pdf"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-03-10T06:16:54Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/"/> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dcterms:title>Quantum aspects of the electrooptic sampling and modulation of the electromagnetic vacuum</dcterms:title> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/41"/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Studies on the nature of light have often played pivotal roles in the development of physics. The particle nature of light served as benchmark for the foundation of quantum physics and its derived branches, while its referential-independent speed in the vacuum, as seen through wave equations, led to the merge of space and time and culminated in the foundation of general relativity and cosmology. In spite of that, many light-based measurement techniques still rely heavily on a classical description of light, as has been for many years the case for electrooptic sampling. Luckily, this scenario has been changed in the course of the last few years, with both experimental and theoretical works highlighting the advantages and hidden properties that a quantum and/or relativistic description of light can unveil. Speci fically, the electrooptic sampling of a broadband section of the electric- field vacuum opened an entirely new window of possibilities, and the works presented here aim at filling a small portion of the gap opened by this simple, yet remarkable, technological leap. As a starting point, I study the spectral properties of quantum radiation of ultrashort duration. In particular, I introduce a continuous multimode squeezing operator for the description of subcycle pulses of entangled photons generated by a coherent-pulse driving in a thin nonlinear crystal with second-order susceptibility. The spectra of these ultrabroadband squeezed states can be found perturbatively in the strength of the driving electric-fi eld pulse. These can be related, for suitable choices of the driving pulses, to the spectra that one should hypothetically observe in an Unruh-Davies experiment, in which an observer (more precisely a particle detector) moving with constant proper acceleration in the Minkowski vacuum during a finite (life)time detects a thermal distribution of (virtual) particles. On the other hand, when describing the corresponding behavior of the normally ordered electric- field variance in the time domain, a connection to experiments in which such states have been generated and detected can be traced. This variance builds up as the electric fi eld (or correspondingly its state) evolves via propagation through the nonlinear crystal, and it can be shown that the world lines followed by the fi eld modes when propagating are indeed curved, as is usually the case for the Unruh-DeWitt detectors used to study the Unruh-Davies effect. Alongside the study of the states generated in a nonlinear crystal, I also investigate what influence these states have on the electrooptic measurements that rely on the same effective nonlinear interaction. When electrooptically sampling the electric- field vacuum, the evolution of the electric fi eld leads to a change in the initially sampled vacuum state. This change piles up backaction contributions that remain in superposition with the vacuum state after the measurement. When the superposition coefficients of the back-action contributions are small, the electrooptic-signal variance is dominated by the shot noise, with a small vacuum-related contribution on top. As the sampling regime shifts towards stronger probe-pulse intensities, the state superposition undergoes a change, which can be traced back to the signal variance and the clear change in its behavior, with a steep departure from the shot noise. This approach is then further extended to model another setup in which two probes, time-shifted relative to each other, are impinged on the nonlinear crystal to probe the vacuum. This approach allows for the evasion of shot noise and produces a way richer variety of back-action contributions that are then investigated.</dcterms:abstract> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:contributor>Lucena de Macedo Guedes, Thiago</dc:contributor> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/41"/> <dcterms:issued>2021</dcterms:issued> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/56816"/> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-03-10T06:16:54Z</dc:date> <dc:creator>Lucena de Macedo Guedes, Thiago</dc:creator> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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