Homelands and dictators : migration, memory, and belonging between Southeastern Europe and Chile

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2022
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Journal of Contemporary European Studies. Taylor & Francis. ISSN 1478-2804. eISSN 1478-2790. Available under: doi: 10.1080/14782804.2021.2014305
Zusammenfassung

In the last three decades, a ‘memory fever’concerning past dictatorships and political violence emerged both in the Latin American Southern Cone and in Central and Eastern Europe. Both regions witnessed the creation and then consolidation of memory regimes related to remembering military dictatorships and state socialism, respectively. This article interrogates how transnational migration experiences between the two regions challenge nationally framed memory regimes, with a focus on Chile, Romania, and Croatia. By tracing individual migrants and exiles between Romania and Chile, as well as the Croatian Chilean diaspora, this article discusses the entanglements between Chile and Southeastern Europe in the remembrance of the Pinochet and Ceausescu dictatorships, as well as the Tito´s Yugoslavia. First, it shows how migrants who experienced dictatorships in both regions operate their own vernacular comparisons between the two experiences. These reframe the tropes existing in dominant memory narratives in each country and create hierarchies of suffering and oppression (i.e. in the case of the Romania–Chile comparison, with a more negative valuation of the Ceauşescu dictatorship). Second, by discussing intergenerational memory for those who did not experience dictatorship, as well as diasporic memory formations (e.g. Croat Chileans), it shows that, in these instances, comparisons are more under the influence of dominant national memory frames, but also of memory entrepreneurs who mobilize specific threads. Moreover, the article discusses how these various migrant experiences constitute and reframe senses of belonging, interrogating both the formulations of home and transnationality.

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900 Geschichte
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Memory, migration, dictatorship, belonging, comparison
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ISO 690BADESCU, Gruia, 2022. Homelands and dictators : migration, memory, and belonging between Southeastern Europe and Chile. In: Journal of Contemporary European Studies. Taylor & Francis. ISSN 1478-2804. eISSN 1478-2790. Available under: doi: 10.1080/14782804.2021.2014305
BibTex
@article{Badescu2022-09Homel-56430,
  year={2022},
  doi={10.1080/14782804.2021.2014305},
  title={Homelands and dictators : migration, memory, and belonging between Southeastern Europe and Chile},
  issn={1478-2804},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary European Studies},
  author={Badescu, Gruia}
}
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