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"What would you like to achieve?" : Goal-Setting in Patients with Dementia in Geriatric Rehabilitation

"What would you like to achieve?" : Goal-Setting in Patients with Dementia in Geriatric Rehabilitation

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DUTZI, Ilona, Michael SCHWENK, Marietta KIRCHNER, Jürgen M. BAUER, Klaus HAUER, 2019. "What would you like to achieve?" : Goal-Setting in Patients with Dementia in Geriatric Rehabilitation. In: BMC Geriatrics. BioMed Central. 19, 280. eISSN 1471-2318. Available under: doi: 10.1186/s12877-019-1296-7

@article{Dutzi2019would-54535, title={"What would you like to achieve?" : Goal-Setting in Patients with Dementia in Geriatric Rehabilitation}, year={2019}, doi={10.1186/s12877-019-1296-7}, volume={19}, journal={BMC Geriatrics}, author={Dutzi, Ilona and Schwenk, Michael and Kirchner, Marietta and Bauer, Jürgen M. and Hauer, Klaus}, note={Article Number: 280} }

Dutzi, Ilona Bauer, Jürgen M. Background:<br />Setting meaningful, individualized rehabilitation goals is an essential part of the rehabilitation process. Even though patients with dementia are a drastically increasing patient group in geriatric rehabilitation, empirical data about meaningful rehabilitation goals and collaborative goal-setting in this target group is missing. Cognitive impairment and lack of insight in current deficits have been discussed as barriers for participation in goal-setting, but require empirical examination.<br />This study investigated the feasibility of a semi-structured versus a structured goal-setting approach and the types of goals, rehabilitation patients with mild to moderate dementia perceive as personally relevant. Insights in acute functional and motor deficits, differentiated by cognitive status were explored.<br /><br />Methods:<br />Cohort study in a geriatric rehabilitation center. Semi-structured and ICF-based, structured interviews were applied to explore patients` rehabilitation goals. Patients` insight in deficits was operationalized as the relationship of self-ratings and objective measures of linked clinical assessments for the same functional construct.<br /><br />Results:<br />Patients (n = 101, MMSE 22 ± 2.6, age 83.9 ± 5.9 years) stated the improvement of mobility-related functions and self-care activities (> 70%) but also psychological well-being such as handling stress or mood (> 38%) as most important rehabilitation goals. The structured interview facilitated goal-setting and provided a broader view of rehabilitation needs. Correlations between self-ratings and clinical assessments were medium to high (rho = 0.29 to 0.83) with highest associations for key motor features. Trend tests identified a significant trend between values of the clinical assessment and categories of self-ratings (p ≤ 0.01) with lower cognitive status derogating this relationship.<br /><br />Conclusions:<br />Collaborative goal-setting was feasible, especially when supported by a structured approach and yielded a large spectrum of functional but also psychological rehabilitation needs from the patients` perspective. Patients showed sustained insight in their actual functional impairments, limited in a subgroup of patients with more advanced cognitive impairment. Hauer, Klaus terms-of-use 2021-08-10T13:31:27Z "What would you like to achieve?" : Goal-Setting in Patients with Dementia in Geriatric Rehabilitation Bauer, Jürgen M. Dutzi, Ilona eng 2019 Schwenk, Michael Schwenk, Michael 2021-08-10T13:31:27Z Kirchner, Marietta Kirchner, Marietta Hauer, Klaus

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