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Effects of land-use change and related pressures on alien and native subsets of island communities

Effects of land-use change and related pressures on alien and native subsets of island communities

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SÁNCHEZ-ORTIZ, Katia, Kara J. M. TAYLOR, Adriana DE PALMA, Franz ESSL, Wayne DAWSON, Holger KREFT, Jan PERGL, Petr PYŠEK, Mark VAN KLEUNEN, Patrick WEIGELT, Andy PURVIS, 2020. Effects of land-use change and related pressures on alien and native subsets of island communities. In: PloS one. Public Library of Science. 15(12), e0227169. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227169

@article{SanchezOrtiz2020Effec-52312, title={Effects of land-use change and related pressures on alien and native subsets of island communities}, year={2020}, doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0227169}, number={12}, volume={15}, journal={PloS one}, author={Sánchez-Ortiz, Katia and Taylor, Kara J. M. and De Palma, Adriana and Essl, Franz and Dawson, Wayne and Kreft, Holger and Pergl, Jan and Pyšek, Petr and van Kleunen, Mark and Weigelt, Patrick and Purvis, Andy}, note={Article Number: e0227169} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/52312"> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:creator>Taylor, Kara J. M.</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Pergl, Jan</dc:contributor> <dcterms:title>Effects of land-use change and related pressures on alien and native subsets of island communities</dcterms:title> <dc:rights>Attribution 4.0 International</dc:rights> <dc:contributor>Sánchez-Ortiz, Katia</dc:contributor> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2021-01-07T13:55:03Z</dc:date> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/52312"/> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:contributor>van Kleunen, Mark</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>De Palma, Adriana</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Pergl, Jan</dc:creator> <dcterms:issued>2020</dcterms:issued> <dc:contributor>Kreft, Holger</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Purvis, Andy</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Pyšek, Petr</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Kreft, Holger</dc:creator> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/52312/1/Sanchez-Ortiz_2-1c7knre7lr9lv7.pdf"/> <dc:creator>De Palma, Adriana</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Weigelt, Patrick</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Sánchez-Ortiz, Katia</dc:creator> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"/> <dc:creator>Dawson, Wayne</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Weigelt, Patrick</dc:creator> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/52312/1/Sanchez-Ortiz_2-1c7knre7lr9lv7.pdf"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2021-01-07T13:55:03Z</dcterms:available> <dc:contributor>Purvis, Andy</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Taylor, Kara J. M.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Pyšek, Petr</dc:creator> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Island species and habitats are particularly vulnerable to human disturbances, and anthropogenic changes are increasingly overwriting natural island biogeographic patterns. However, quantitative comparisons of how native and alien assemblages respond to human disturbances are scarce. Using data from 6,242 species of vertebrates, invertebrates and plants, from 7,718 sites on 81 islands, we model how land-use change, human population density and distance to the nearest road affect local assemblages of alien and native species on islands. We found that land-use change reduces both richness and abundance of native species, whereas the number and abundance of alien species are high in plantation forests and agricultural or urban sites. In contrast to the long-established pattern for native species (i.e., decline in species number with island isolation), more isolated islands have more alien species across most land uses than do less isolated islands. We show that alien species play a major role in the turnover of island assemblages: our models show that aliens outnumber natives among the species present at disturbed sites but absent from minimally-disturbed primary vegetation. Finally, we found a homogenization pattern for both native and alien assemblages across sites within most land uses. The declines of native species on islands in the face of human pressures, and the particular proneness to invasions of the more remote islands, highlight the need to reduce the intensity of human pressures on islands and to prevent the introduction and establishment of alien species.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:contributor>Essl, Franz</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Dawson, Wayne</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>van Kleunen, Mark</dc:creator> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:creator>Essl, Franz</dc:creator> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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