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In situ observations of coral bleaching in the central Saudi Arabian Red Sea during the 2015/2016 global coral bleaching event

In situ observations of coral bleaching in the central Saudi Arabian Red Sea during the 2015/2016 global coral bleaching event

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MONROE, Alison A., Maren ZIEGLER, Anna ROIK, Till RÖTHIG, Royale S. HARDENSTINE, Madeleine A. EMMS, Thor JENSEN, Christian R. VOOLSTRA, Michael L. BERUMEN, 2018. In situ observations of coral bleaching in the central Saudi Arabian Red Sea during the 2015/2016 global coral bleaching event. In: PLoS one. Public Library of Science (PLoS). 13(4), e0195814. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195814

@article{Monroe2018obser-51032, title={In situ observations of coral bleaching in the central Saudi Arabian Red Sea during the 2015/2016 global coral bleaching event}, year={2018}, doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0195814}, number={4}, volume={13}, journal={PLoS one}, author={Monroe, Alison A. and Ziegler, Maren and Roik, Anna and Röthig, Till and Hardenstine, Royale S. and Emms, Madeleine A. and Jensen, Thor and Voolstra, Christian R. and Berumen, Michael L.}, note={Article Number: e0195814} }

Jensen, Thor Voolstra, Christian R. Monroe, Alison A. 2020-09-25T08:41:26Z Emms, Madeleine A. Röthig, Till Röthig, Till Berumen, Michael L. 2018 Hardenstine, Royale S. Hardenstine, Royale S. Emms, Madeleine A. Roik, Anna Ziegler, Maren Coral bleaching continues to be one of the most devastating and immediate impacts of climate change on coral reef ecosystems worldwide. In 2015, a major bleaching event was declared as the "3rd global coral bleaching event" by the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, impacting a large number of reefs in every major ocean. The Red Sea was no exception, and we present herein in situ observations of the status of coral reefs in the central Saudi Arabian Red Sea from September 2015, following extended periods of high temperatures reaching upwards of 32.5°C in our study area. We examined eleven reefs using line-intercept transects at three different depths, including all reefs that were surveyed during a previous bleaching event in 2010. Bleaching was most prevalent on inshore reefs (55.6% ± 14.6% of live coral cover exhibited bleaching) and on shallower transects (41% ± 10.2% of live corals surveyed at 5m depth) within reefs. Similar taxonomic groups (e.g., Agariciidae) were affected in 2015 and in 2010. Most interestingly, Acropora and Porites had similar bleaching rates (~30% each) and similar relative coral cover (~7% each) across all reefs in 2015. Coral genera with the highest levels of bleaching (>60%) were also among the rarest (<1% of coral cover) in 2015. While this bodes well for the relative retention of coral cover, it may ultimately lead to decreased species richness, often considered an important component of a healthy coral reef. The resultant long-term changes in these coral reef communities remain to be seen. eng Voolstra, Christian R. Jensen, Thor In situ observations of coral bleaching in the central Saudi Arabian Red Sea during the 2015/2016 global coral bleaching event Monroe, Alison A. 2020-09-25T08:41:26Z Ziegler, Maren Attribution 4.0 International Berumen, Michael L. Roik, Anna

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