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Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior of Children in Afterschool Programs : An Accelerometer-Based Analysis in Full-Day and Half-Day Elementary Schools in Germany

Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior of Children in Afterschool Programs : An Accelerometer-Based Analysis in Full-Day and Half-Day Elementary Schools in Germany

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KURITZ, Arvid, Christoph MALL, Melina SCHNITZIUS, Filip MESS, 2020. Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior of Children in Afterschool Programs : An Accelerometer-Based Analysis in Full-Day and Half-Day Elementary Schools in Germany. In: Frontiers in Public Health. Frontiers Research Foundation. 8, 463. eISSN 2296-2565. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2020.00463

@article{Kuritz2020-09-02Physi-50695, title={Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior of Children in Afterschool Programs : An Accelerometer-Based Analysis in Full-Day and Half-Day Elementary Schools in Germany}, year={2020}, doi={10.3389/fpubh.2020.00463}, volume={8}, journal={Frontiers in Public Health}, author={Kuritz, Arvid and Mall, Christoph and Schnitzius, Melina and Mess, Filip}, note={Article Number: 463} }

2020-09-02 Mall, Christoph Mess, Filip Schnitzius, Melina Kuritz, Arvid Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior of Children in Afterschool Programs : An Accelerometer-Based Analysis in Full-Day and Half-Day Elementary Schools in Germany Attribution 4.0 International eng Mall, Christoph Mess, Filip 2020-09-04T09:06:30Z Kuritz, Arvid 2020-09-04T09:06:30Z Background: Regular physical activity (PA) and reduced sedentary behavior (SB) are positively related to children's health and considered as pillars of a healthy lifestyle. Full-day schools with their afterschool programs (ASPs) have an impact on children's daily PA and SB. Studies investigating PA and SB in ASPs, which compare PA and SB between the organizational forms full-day and half-day schools, are rare. The aim of this study is to describe elementary school children's PA and SB during ASPs and to compare the results to other time periods of the day, e.g., teaching hours and leisure time. Additionally, PA and SB of children in full-day and half-day schools are compared. Further, relevant factors influencing the achievement of the World Health Organization's (WHO's) PA guidelines for children, e.g., time spent in ASPs, are investigated.<br /><br />Methods: PA and SB of 332 German students (n = 198 full-day school children; n = 134 half-day school children) from 11 different elementary schools were measured via accelerometry for 5 consecutive days within one school week in 2017. PA and SB during ASPs and other times of the day were analyzed via one-way and factorial ANOVA, correlation, and logistic regression.<br /><br />Results: Children attending full-day schools show the highest percentage of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) (13.7%) and the lowest percentage of SB (49.5%) during ASPs, in comparison with teaching hours and leisure time. In the afternoon hours, full-day school children show 20 min less SB than half-day school children. Children spending more time in ASPs obtain significantly more SB (r = 0.23) and less MVPA (r = −0.15). Further, they less likely reach WHO's PA guidelines odds ratio (OR = 0.98).<br /><br />Conclusion: Peers and the choice as well as offer of extracurricular activities promote PA in ASPs. Media availability leads to higher SB in leisure time. ASPs help to be more active and less sedentary. Time spent in ASPs should be limited, so that full-day school children still have the possibility to join other PA offers in leisure time. ASP time should contain a certain minimum amount of MVPA in line with ASP guidelines. Schnitzius, Melina

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