Dynamics and friction of a large colloidal particle in a bath of hard spheres : Langevin dynamics simulations and hydrodynamic description

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2020
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Orts, Francisco
Ortega, Gloria
Garzón, Ester M.
Fuchs, Matthias
Puertas, Antonio M.
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Physical Review E. American Physical Society (APS). 2020, 101(5), 052607. ISSN 1063-651X. eISSN 1095-3787. Available under: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.101.052607
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The analysis of the dynamics of tracer particles in a complex bath can provide valuable information about the microscopic behavior of the bath. In this work, we study the dynamics of a forced tracer in a colloidal bath by means of Langevin dynamics simulations and a theory model within continuum mechanics. In the simulations, the bath is comprised of quasihard spheres with a volume fraction of 50% immersed in a featureless quiescent solvent, and the tracer is pulled with a constant small force (within the linear regime). The theoretical analysis is based on the Navier-Stokes equation, where a term proportional to the velocity arises from coarse-graining the friction of the colloidal particles with the solvent. As a result, the final equation is similar to the Brinkman model, although the interpretation is different. A length scale appears in the model, k_{0}^{-1}, where the transverse momentum transport crosses over to friction with the solvent. The effective friction coefficient experienced by the tracer grows with the tracer size faster than the prediction from Stokes's law. Additionally, the velocity profiles in the bath decay faster than in a Newtonian fluid. The comparison between simulations and theory points to a boundary condition of effective partial slip at the tracer surface. We also study the fluctuations in the tracer position, showing that it reaches diffusion at long times, with a subdiffusive regime at intermediate times. The diffusion coefficient, obtained from the long-time slope of the mean-squared displacement, fulfills the Stokes-Einstein relation with the friction coefficient calculated from the steady tracer velocity, confirming the validity of the linear response formalism.

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ISO 690ORTS, Francisco, Gloria ORTEGA, Ester M. GARZÓN, Matthias FUCHS, Antonio M. PUERTAS, 2020. Dynamics and friction of a large colloidal particle in a bath of hard spheres : Langevin dynamics simulations and hydrodynamic description. In: Physical Review E. American Physical Society (APS). 2020, 101(5), 052607. ISSN 1063-651X. eISSN 1095-3787. Available under: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.101.052607
BibTex
@article{Orts2020-05Dynam-50335,
  year={2020},
  doi={10.1103/PhysRevE.101.052607},
  title={Dynamics and friction of a large colloidal particle in a bath of hard spheres : Langevin dynamics simulations and hydrodynamic description},
  number={5},
  volume={101},
  issn={1063-651X},
  journal={Physical Review E},
  author={Orts, Francisco and Ortega, Gloria and Garzón, Ester M. and Fuchs, Matthias and Puertas, Antonio M.},
  note={Article Number: 052607}
}
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