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Women in German forensic addiction treatment : Epidemiology and gender-related decision making in jurisdiction

Women in German forensic addiction treatment : Epidemiology and gender-related decision making in jurisdiction

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QUERENGÄSSER, Jan, Hans-Joachim TRAUB, 2020. Women in German forensic addiction treatment : Epidemiology and gender-related decision making in jurisdiction. In: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. Elsevier. 70, 101567. ISSN 0160-2527. eISSN 1873-6386. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2020.101567

@article{Querengasser2020Women-49995, title={Women in German forensic addiction treatment : Epidemiology and gender-related decision making in jurisdiction}, year={2020}, doi={10.1016/j.ijlp.2020.101567}, volume={70}, issn={0160-2527}, journal={International Journal of Law and Psychiatry}, author={Querengässer, Jan and Traub, Hans-Joachim}, note={Article Number: 101567} }

Women in German forensic addiction treatment : Epidemiology and gender-related decision making in jurisdiction Purpose<br />Within the German legal framework, if an unlawful act is committed by a substance-addicted offender, courts shall make a forensic addiction treatment order (referred to as FAT). In 2010–2015, German courts applied this rule to 14,576 individuals. The article aims to explore the development of FAT sex ratios, its relation to other criminological measures and its regional distribution - and to describe gender-related differences within the FAT population.<br /><br />Methods<br />Yearly and state-specific sex ratios in FAT orders were calculated and related to general delinquency figures. Women were compared to men on various variables. We computed chi-square, t- and Kruskal-Wallis tests.<br /><br />Results<br />Compared to registered and sanctioned delinquency, women are steadily underrepresented, but the sex ratio differs largely among German states. Compared to men, women are 1 year older, have a less severe criminal history and a different distribution of addiction-related delinquency. Their average concurrent prison sentence is shorter, indicating less severe offences.<br /><br />Conclusions<br />Findings largely conform to epidemiological knowledge. However, it is unlikely that these effects explain the extent of women's underrepresentation concerning FAT. Instead, FAT-application seems to be influenced by gender-related decision biases in jurisdiction. Regional differences cannot be explained epidemiologically, they seem to indicate different juridical “cultures”. eng Traub, Hans-Joachim Querengässer, Jan Traub, Hans-Joachim 2020 Querengässer, Jan 2020-06-24T12:46:43Z 2020-06-24T12:46:43Z

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