## On the Tail of the Scottish Vowel Length Rule in Glasgow

2016
##### Authors
Stuart-Smith, Jane H.
Journal article
Published
##### Published in
Language and Speech ; 59 (2016), 3. - pp. 404-430. - Sage. - ISSN 0023-8309. - eISSN 1756-6053
##### Abstract
One of the most famous sound features of Scottish English is the short/long timing alternation of /i u ai/ vowels, which depends on the morpho-phonemic environment, and is known as the Scottish Vowel Length Rule (SVLR). These alternations make the status of vowel quantity in Scottish English (quasi-)phonemic but are also susceptible to change, particularly in situations of intense sustained dialect contact with Anglo-English. Does the SVLR change in Glasgow where dialect contact at the community level is comparably low? The present study sets out to tackle this question, and tests two hypotheses involving (1) external influences due to dialect-contact and (2) internal, prosodically induced factors of sound change. Durational analyses of /i u a/ were conducted on a corpus of spontaneous Glaswegian speech from the 1970s and 2000s; four speaker groups were compared, two of middle-aged men, and two of adolescent boys. Our hypothesis that the development of the SVLR over time may be internally constrained and interact with prosody was largely confirmed. We observed weakening effects in its implementation which were localised in phrase-medial unaccented positions in all speaker groups, and in phrase-final positions in the speakers born after the Second World War. But unlike some other varieties of Scottish or Northern English which show weakening of the Rule under a prolonged contact with Anglo-English, dialect contact seems to be having less impact on the durational patterns in Glaswegian vernacular, probably because of the overall reduced potential for a regular, everyday contact in the West of Scotland.
##### Subject (DDC)
400 Philology, Linguistics
##### Keywords
Scottish Vowel Length Rule (SVLR), prosodic timing, sound change, dialect contact, the Voicing Effect, real-time change, Scottish English, Glaswegian vernacular
##### Cite This
ISO 690RATHCKE, Tamara, Jane H. STUART-SMITH, 2016. On the Tail of the Scottish Vowel Length Rule in Glasgow. In: Language and Speech. Sage. 59(3), pp. 404-430. ISSN 0023-8309. eISSN 1756-6053. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0023830915611428
BibTex
@article{Rathcke2016-09Scott-49643,
year={2016},
doi={10.1177/0023830915611428},
title={On the Tail of the Scottish Vowel Length Rule in Glasgow},
number={3},
volume={59},
issn={0023-8309},
journal={Language and Speech},
pages={404--430},
author={Rathcke, Tamara and Stuart-Smith, Jane H.}
}

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<dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">One of the most famous sound features of Scottish English is the short/long timing alternation of /i u ai/ vowels, which depends on the morpho-phonemic environment, and is known as the Scottish Vowel Length Rule (SVLR). These alternations make the status of vowel quantity in Scottish English (quasi-)phonemic but are also susceptible to change, particularly in situations of intense sustained dialect contact with Anglo-English. Does the SVLR change in Glasgow where dialect contact at the community level is comparably low? The present study sets out to tackle this question, and tests two hypotheses involving (1) external influences due to dialect-contact and (2) internal, prosodically induced factors of sound change. Durational analyses of /i u a/ were conducted on a corpus of spontaneous Glaswegian speech from the 1970s and 2000s; four speaker groups were compared, two of middle-aged men, and two of adolescent boys. Our hypothesis that the development of the SVLR over time may be internally constrained and interact with prosody was largely confirmed. We observed weakening effects in its implementation which were localised in phrase-medial unaccented positions in all speaker groups, and in phrase-final positions in the speakers born after the Second World War. But unlike some other varieties of Scottish or Northern English which show weakening of the Rule under a prolonged contact with Anglo-English, dialect contact seems to be having less impact on the durational patterns in Glaswegian vernacular, probably because of the overall reduced potential for a regular, everyday contact in the West of Scotland.</dcterms:abstract>
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