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Contrasting effects of host species and phylogenetic diversity on the occurrence of HPAI H5N1 in European wild birds

Contrasting effects of host species and phylogenetic diversity on the occurrence of HPAI H5N1 in European wild birds

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HUANG, Zheng Y. X., Chi XU, Frank VAN LANGEVELDE, Yuying MA, Tom LANGENDOEN, Taej MUNDKUR, Yali SI, Huaiyu TIAN, Robert H. S. KRAUS, Marius GILBERT, 2019. Contrasting effects of host species and phylogenetic diversity on the occurrence of HPAI H5N1 in European wild birds. In: Journal of Animal Ecology. Wiley. 88(7), pp. 1044-1053. ISSN 0021-8790. eISSN 1365-2656. Available under: doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12997

@article{Huang2019Contr-49377, title={Contrasting effects of host species and phylogenetic diversity on the occurrence of HPAI H5N1 in European wild birds}, year={2019}, doi={10.1111/1365-2656.12997}, number={7}, volume={88}, issn={0021-8790}, journal={Journal of Animal Ecology}, pages={1044--1053}, author={Huang, Zheng Y. X. and Xu, Chi and van Langevelde, Frank and Ma, Yuying and Langendoen, Tom and Mundkur, Taej and Si, Yali and Tian, Huaiyu and Kraus, Robert H. S. and Gilbert, Marius} }

eng Langendoen, Tom Xu, Chi Huang, Zheng Y. X. van Langevelde, Frank Huang, Zheng Y. X. Mundkur, Taej Mundkur, Taej Gilbert, Marius Gilbert, Marius Kraus, Robert H. S. 2019 van Langevelde, Frank 2020-05-04T12:56:43Z Kraus, Robert H. S. Contrasting effects of host species and phylogenetic diversity on the occurrence of HPAI H5N1 in European wild birds 1. Studies on the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 suggest that wild bird migration may facilitate its long‐distance spread, yet the role of wild bird community composition in its transmission risk remains poorly understood. Furthermore, most studies on the diversity–disease relationship focused on host species diversity without considering hosts’ phylogenetic relationships, which may lead to rejecting a species diversity effect when the community has host species that are only distantly related.<br /><br />2. Here, we explored the influence of waterbird community composition for determining HPAI H5N1 occurrence in wild birds in a continental‐scale study across Europe. In particular, we tested the diversity–disease relationship using both host species diversity and host phylogenetic diversity.<br /><br />3. Our results provide the first demonstration that host community composition—compared with previously identified environmental risk factors—can also effectively explain the spatial pattern of H5N1 occurrence in wild birds. We further show that communities with more higher risk host species and more closely related species have a higher risk of H5N1 outbreaks. Thus, both host species diversity and community phylogenetic structure, in addition to environmental factors, jointly influence H5N1 occurrence.<br /><br />4. Our work not only extends the current theory on the diversity–disease relationship, but also has important implications for future monitoring of H5N1 and other HPAI subtypes. Tian, Huaiyu Ma, Yuying Tian, Huaiyu Si, Yali Langendoen, Tom Xu, Chi Ma, Yuying 2020-05-04T12:56:43Z Si, Yali

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