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Genetic variation is associated with PTSD risk and aversive memory : Evidence from two trauma-Exposed African samples and one healthy European sample

Genetic variation is associated with PTSD risk and aversive memory : Evidence from two trauma-Exposed African samples and one healthy European sample

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WILKER, Sarah, Anna SCHNEIDER, Daniela CONRAD, Anett PFEIFFER, Christina BOECK, Birke LINGENFELDER, Virginie FREYTAG, Vanja VUKOJEVIC, Thomas ELBERT, Iris-Tatjana KOLASSA, 2018. Genetic variation is associated with PTSD risk and aversive memory : Evidence from two trauma-Exposed African samples and one healthy European sample. In: Translational Psychiatry. 8(1), 251. eISSN 2158-3188. Available under: doi: 10.1038/s41398-018-0297-1

@article{Wilker2018-11-22Genet-46328, title={Genetic variation is associated with PTSD risk and aversive memory : Evidence from two trauma-Exposed African samples and one healthy European sample}, year={2018}, doi={10.1038/s41398-018-0297-1}, number={1}, volume={8}, journal={Translational Psychiatry}, author={Wilker, Sarah and Schneider, Anna and Conrad, Daniela and Pfeiffer, Anett and Boeck, Christina and Lingenfelder, Birke and Freytag, Virginie and Vukojevic, Vanja and Elbert, Thomas and Kolassa, Iris-Tatjana}, note={Article Number: 251} }

Vukojevic, Vanja Elbert, Thomas Freytag, Virginie 2019-07-11T13:06:47Z Conrad, Daniela Kolassa, Iris-Tatjana terms-of-use Lingenfelder, Birke Kolassa, Iris-Tatjana Vukojevic, Vanja Freytag, Virginie Elbert, Thomas Pfeiffer, Anett Conrad, Daniela Wilker, Sarah Pfeiffer, Anett Schneider, Anna Wilker, Sarah 2018-11-22 Lingenfelder, Birke Schneider, Anna 2019-07-11T13:06:47Z eng Boeck, Christina Genetic variation is associated with PTSD risk and aversive memory : Evidence from two trauma-Exposed African samples and one healthy European sample Boeck, Christina The probability to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), characterized by vivid, intrusive emotional memories of the encountered traumatic events, depends - among other factors - on the number of previous traumatic experiences (traumatic load) and individual genetic vulnerability. So far, our knowledge regarding the biological underpinnings of PTSD is relatively sparse. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) followed by independent replication might help to discover novel, so far unknown biological mechanisms associated with the development of traumatic memories. Here, a GWAS was conducted in N = 924 Northern Ugandan rebel war survivors and identified seven suggestively significant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; p ≤ 1 × 10<sup>-5</sup>) for lifetime PTSD risk. Of these seven SNPs, the association of rs3852144 on chromosome 5 was replicated in an independent sample of Rwandan genocide survivors (N = 370, p < .01). While PTSD risk increased with accumulating traumatic experiences, the vulnerability was reduced in carriers of the minor G-allele in an additive manner. Correspondingly, memory for aversive pictures decreased with higher number of the minor G-allele in a sample of N = 2698 healthy Swiss individuals. Finally, investigations on N = 90 PTSD patients treated with Narrative Exposure Therapy indicated an additive effect of genotype on PTSD symptom change from pre-treatment to four months after treatment, but not between pre-treatment and the 10-months follow-up. In conclusion, emotional memory formation seems to decline with increasing number of rs3852144 G-alleles, rendering individuals more resilient to PTSD development. However, the impact on therapy outcome remains preliminary and further research is needed to determine how this intronic marker may affect memory processes in detail.

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