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Routine habitat switching alters the likelihood and persistence of infection with a pathogenic parasite

Routine habitat switching alters the likelihood and persistence of infection with a pathogenic parasite

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DAVERSA, David R., Andrea MANICA, Jaime BOSCH, Jolle W. JOLLES, Trenton W. J. GARNER, 2018. Routine habitat switching alters the likelihood and persistence of infection with a pathogenic parasite. In: Functional Ecology. 32(5), pp. 1262-1270. ISSN 0269-8463. eISSN 1365-2435. Available under: doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.13038

@article{Daversa2018-05Routi-45274, title={Routine habitat switching alters the likelihood and persistence of infection with a pathogenic parasite}, year={2018}, doi={10.1111/1365-2435.13038}, number={5}, volume={32}, issn={0269-8463}, journal={Functional Ecology}, pages={1262--1270}, author={Daversa, David R. and Manica, Andrea and Bosch, Jaime and Jolles, Jolle W. and Garner, Trenton W. J.} }

Garner, Trenton W. J. Daversa, David R. Bosch, Jaime Jolles, Jolle W. Routine habitat switching alters the likelihood and persistence of infection with a pathogenic parasite Manica, Andrea 2019-03-01T14:18:31Z 2018-05 Daversa, David R. Garner, Trenton W. J. Bosch, Jaime eng Jolles, Jolle W. 1. Animals switch habitats on a regular basis, and when habitats vary in suitability for parasitism, routine habitat switching alters the frequency of parasite exposure and may affect post‐infection parasite proliferation. However, the effects of routine habitat switching on infection dynamics are not well understood.<br />2. We performed infection experiments, behavioural observations and field surveillance to evaluate how routine habitat switching by adult alpine newts (Ichthyosaura alpestris) influences infection dynamics of the pathogenic parasite, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd).<br />3. We show that when newts are exposed to equal total doses of Bd in aquatic habitats, differences in exposure frequency and post‐exposure habitat alter infection trajectories: newts developed more infections that persisted longer when doses were broken into multiple, reduced‐intensity exposures. Intensity and persistence of infections were reduced among newts that were switched to terrestrial habitats following exposure.<br />4. When presented with a choice of habitats, newts did not avoid exposure to Bd, but heavily infected newts were more prone to reduce time spent in water.<br />5. Accounting for routine switching between aquatic and terrestrial habitat in the experiments generated distributions of infection loads that were consistent with those in two populations of wild newts.<br />6. Together, these findings emphasize that differential habitat use and behaviours associated with daily movement can be important ecological determinants of infection risk and severity. 2019-03-01T14:18:31Z Manica, Andrea

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