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The duration of the cortisol awakening pulse exceeds sixty minutes in a meaningful pattern

The duration of the cortisol awakening pulse exceeds sixty minutes in a meaningful pattern

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BENZ, Annika, Maria MEIER, Mara MANKIN, Eva UNTERNAEHRER, Jens C. PRUESSNER, 2019. The duration of the cortisol awakening pulse exceeds sixty minutes in a meaningful pattern. In: Psychoneuroendocrinology. 105, pp. 187-194. ISSN 0306-4530. eISSN 1873-3360. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.12.225

@article{Benz2019-07durat-44552, title={The duration of the cortisol awakening pulse exceeds sixty minutes in a meaningful pattern}, year={2019}, doi={10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.12.225}, volume={105}, issn={0306-4530}, journal={Psychoneuroendocrinology}, pages={187--194}, author={Benz, Annika and Meier, Maria and Mankin, Mara and Unternaehrer, Eva and Pruessner, Jens C.} }

Pruessner, Jens C. Pruessner, Jens C. Meier, Maria Benz, Annika eng Unternaehrer, Eva Mankin, Mara 2019-01-14T12:04:47Z Meier, Maria Mankin, Mara Unternaehrer, Eva Benz, Annika 2019-07 The duration of the cortisol awakening pulse exceeds sixty minutes in a meaningful pattern The cortisol awakening response (CAR) is a well-established biomarker for the integrity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in healthy as well as clinical samples. Cortisol rise during the first 60 min after awakening is often used as a proxy of HPA axis regulation in health and disease. Ultradian pulsatility of cortisol is known to superimpose its circadian rhythmicity with the CAR being the first rise after awakening. However, the exact length of the complete first pulse (rise and fall) after awakening, as well as the association between the CAR, the complete first pulse, and successive ultradian pulses, has not yet been studied systematically.<br />Aim of this study was to investigate cortisol dynamics after awakening beyond the standard assessment duration of 60 min in order to assess the cortisol awakening pulse, in relation to ultradian rhythmicity of cortisol after awakening. In a sample of 51 healthy participants, salivary cortisol was collected for the first 270 min after awakening in intervals of 30 min, on two separate days. Different parameters describing individual cortisol pulses over time with respect to inter- and intraindividual variations such as duration, amplitude and area under the curve (AUC) were calculated. Special emphasis was put on the first rise and fall after awakening, called the cortisol awakening pulse (CAP).<br />Mean duration of the CAP was 108 min with high interindividual differences. Duration of first and second pulse were associated with subject's sex and menstrual cycle status, with a longer first pulse and an attenuated second pulse in male and female subjects in the luteal phase, compared to female subjects in the follicular phase, or women taking oral contraceptives.<br />These results point to the potential usefulness of a longer sampling period for assessing ultradian pulsatility of cortisol in the morning, especially the CAP. To assess the complete pulse rather than the rise alone, measurement of cortisol levels after awakening for 120 min is recommended. 2019-01-14T12:04:47Z

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