Three months of slackline training elicit only task-specific improvements in balance performance

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PloS ONE. 2018, 13(11), e0207542. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207542
Zusammenfassung

Slackline training is a challenging and motivating type of balance training, with potential usefulness for fall prevention and balance rehabilitation. However, short-term slackline training seems to elicit mostly task-specific performance improvements, reducing its potential for general fall prevention programs. It was tested whether a longer duration slackline training (three months, 2 sessions per week) would induce a transfer to untrained tasks. Balance performance was tested pre and post slackline training on the slackline used during the training, on a slackline with different slack, and in 5 different non-trained static and dynamic balance tasks (N training = 12, N control = 14). After the training, the training group increased their performance more than the control group in both of the slackline tasks, i.e. walking on the slackline (time × group interaction with p < 0.001 for both tasks). However, no differences between groups were found for the 5 non-trained balance tasks, only a main effect of time for four of them. The long-term slackline training elicited large task-specific performance improvements but no transfer to other non-trained balance tasks. The extensive slackline training that clearly enhanced slackline performance did not improve the capability to keep balance in other tasks and thus cannot be recommended as a general fall prevention program. The significant test-retest effect seen in most of the tested tasks emphasizes the need of a control group to adequately interpret changes in performance following balance training.

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ISO 690GIBOIN, Louis-Solal, Markus GRUBER, Andreas KRAMER, 2018. Three months of slackline training elicit only task-specific improvements in balance performance. In: PloS ONE. 2018, 13(11), e0207542. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207542
BibTex
@article{Giboin2018Three-44130,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0207542},
  title={Three months of slackline training elicit only task-specific improvements in balance performance},
  number={11},
  volume={13},
  journal={PloS ONE},
  author={Giboin, Louis-Solal and Gruber, Markus and Kramer, Andreas},
  note={Article Number: e0207542}
}
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