Electron microscopy of electromagnetic waveforms

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Direct Visualization of Light-Driven Atomic-Scale Carrier Dynamics in Space and Time DIVI
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Science. 2016, 353(6297), pp. 374-377. ISSN 0036-8075. eISSN 1095-9203. Available under: doi: 10.1126/science.aaf8589
Zusammenfassung

Rapidly changing electromagnetic fields are the basis of almost any photonic or electronic device operation. We report how electron microscopy can measure collective carrier motion and fields with subcycle and subwavelength resolution. A collimated beam of femtosecond electron pulses passes through a metamaterial resonator that is previously excited with a single-cycle electromagnetic pulse. If the probing electrons are shorter in duration than half a field cycle, then time-frozen Lorentz forces distort the images quasi-classically and with subcycle time resolution. A pump-probe sequence reveals in a movie the sample's oscillating electromagnetic field vectors with time, phase, amplitude, and polarization information. This waveform electron microscopy can be used to visualize electrodynamic phenomena in devices as small and fast as available.

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ISO 690RYABOV, Andrey, Peter BAUM, 2016. Electron microscopy of electromagnetic waveforms. In: Science. 2016, 353(6297), pp. 374-377. ISSN 0036-8075. eISSN 1095-9203. Available under: doi: 10.1126/science.aaf8589
BibTex
@article{Ryabov2016-07-22Elect-43255,
  year={2016},
  doi={10.1126/science.aaf8589},
  title={Electron microscopy of electromagnetic waveforms},
  number={6297},
  volume={353},
  issn={0036-8075},
  journal={Science},
  pages={374--377},
  author={Ryabov, Andrey and Baum, Peter}
}
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